National Technology Day - May 11

Date: May 11, 2016

Pokhran II operation shakti

Every year, `National Technology Day' is celebrated across India on May 11; being commemorated to memorize the anniversary of Shakti, the Pokhran nuclear test held on 11 May 1998. Also first, indigenous aircraft "Hansa-3" was test flown at Bangalore on this day and India also performed successful test firing of the Trishul missile on the same day.The day glorifies the importance of science in day to day life and motivates students to adopt science as the career option.

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Technology Day is celebrated as a symbol of quest for scientific inquiry, technological creativity and the translation of that quest in the integration of Science, Society and Industry. This day is also celebrated to honour technological innovations and their successful commercialization which makes fruits of research reach people at large.

Things you should know about Pokhran II-

Pokhran-II was the sequence of five nuclear bomb test explosions conducted by India at the Indian Army's Pokhran Test Range in May 1998. It was the second Indian nuclear test; the first test, code-named Smiling Buddha, was conducted in May 1974.

Pokhran-II is comprised of five detonations, of which the first was a fusion bomb and the remaining four were fission bombs. These nuclear tests resulted in a variety of consents against India by a number of major states, including Japan and the United States.

On May 11, 1998, Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II) was initiated with the detonation of one fusion and two fission bombs. On May 13, 1998, two additional fission devices were detonated and the Indian government led by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee shortly convened a press conference to declare India a full-fledged nuclear state.

Many names are credited to these tests; formerly, they were called Operation Shakti-98 (Power-98), and the five nuclear bombs were designated Shakti-I through Shakti-V. More recently, the operation as a whole has come to be known as Pokhran II, and the 1974 explosion as Pokhran-I.