Cultured meat and cellular agriculture:

Date: July 11, 2019

CCMB cellular meat ahimsha meat

Cultured meat is meat produced by in vitro cultivation of animal cells, instead of from slaughtered animals. It is a form of cellular agriculture.Cultured meat is produced using many of the same tissue engineering techniques traditionally used in regenerative medicine.
Cultured meat involves applying the practices of tissue engineering to the production of muscle for consumption as food. Sometimes also known as clean meat or in vitro meat, it is an emergent technology that operates as part of the wider field of cellular agriculture and in a relation of competition and collaboration with innovation in plant-based proteins.

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Why Cultured meat?
The global livestock industry has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years due to the scale of its environmental, ethical, and human health impacts. These concerns, coupled with projections that demand for protein products will continue to rise over the coming decades, means there is an urgent need for methods of protein production that are more sustainable, nutritious and animal welfare-conscious. Protein analogues (non-animal proteins) already go some way towards achieving this; however, the desire to eat meat and animal-derived foods has led to the emergence of cellular agriculture, which aims to produce animal proteins using fewer animals and less animal-derived material than the current livestock industry, by utilising culturing techniques. This approach aims to marry a consumer desire to eat meat with the drive to ensure global food security, a nutritious diet, and reduce the environmental burden of food production.

Indian Scenario:-
It’s being called “ahimsa meat" in India and the Union government charged Hyderabad-based Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology with the goal of producing it on a commercial scale in five years. The budgetary allocation, though, is anaemic at a mere ₹4.5 crore. The Maharashtra government has approved a collaboration between the Institute of Chemical Technology and the Good Food Institute, a non-profit organization, to carry out research and development in cellular agriculture. Again, it is unclear how much of the ₹50 crore budget has been funded. In late 2018, ClearMeat, a Delhi-based startup, entered the scene with a highly ambitious goal of bringing a product to market in 18 months.