Gross National Happiness

Date: January 12, 2015

Gross Happiness Index

Gross National Happiness

Gross National Happiness is a term coined by  Jigme Singye Wangchuck in the 1970s. The concept implies that sustainable development should take a holistic approach towards notions of progress and give equal importance to non-economic aspects of wellbeing. The concept of GNH has  been explained by its four pillars. i.e.,

1-good governance

2-sustainable socio-economic development

3-cultural preservation

4-environmental conservation.

Lately the four pillars have been further classified into nine domains in order to create widespread understanding of GNH and to reflect the holistic range of GNH values. The nine domains are: psychological wellbeing, health, education, time use, cultural diversity and resilience, good governance, community vitality, ecological diversity and resilience, and living standards. The domains represents each of the components of wellbeing of the people, and the term ‘wellbeing’ here refers to fulfilling conditions of a ‘good life’ as per the values and principles laid down by the concept of Gross National Happiness.


GNH prepareias

India has been rankes low in GNH Index because of-

-high corruption

-lack of basic service delivery

-deplorable health care and education structure

-pollution levels high on all grounds

-religious minorties backwardness and environement of communalism

-more poverty, malnutrition and inequality

Suggested Question for mains-

What is Gross National Happiness (GNH) index? Examine the qualitative and quantitative indicators adopted to measure this index. Also examine why India’s rank in GNH index is low compared to some of its neighbours. (200 Words)