India registers 22% reduction in maternal mortality ratio since 2013:Sample Registration System (SRS) data

Date: June 12, 2018

MMR maternal mortality Registrar General of India Uttar Pradesh

The maternal mortality rate (MMR) , according to the sample registration system (SRS) data released by the office of Registrar General of India shows decline to 130 in 2014-16 from 167 in 2011-13 — a significant improvement on a parameter widely used by analysts and developmental economists to rate a country’s progress.


Amongst the states, Uttar Pradesh with 30% decline has topped the chart in the reduction of maternal deaths.

Nearly 1,000 fewer women now die of pregnancy related complications each month in India, the bulletin said.

According to the bulletin, MMR of India has declined from 167 in 2011-2013 to 130 in 2014-2016. The decline has been most significant in empowered action group (EAG) states and Assam from 246 to 188.

Among the southern states, the decline has been from 93 to 77 and in the other states from 115 to 93.

What is MMR-
MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The 22% reduction in MMR since 2013 means nearly one thousand fewer women now die of pregnancy-related complications each month in India.
In developing countries such as India, maternal mortality is a huge public health issue. Causes range from excessive blood loss (post-partum haemorrhage) to infections, primarily because women do not give birth in a hospital or health centre.

The major cause, post-partum haemorrhage is usually defined as the loss of more than 500-1,000 ml of blood within the first 24 hours following childbirth.