first waterway of India is in operation, know all about waterways in India

Date: November 14, 2018

national waterways river transport India

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated a multi-modal terminal in Varanasi and received the first container vessel post-Independence on national waterway.In Varanasi, PM Modi received a large container vessel that left Kolkata inland port on October 30 carrying cargo belonging to PEPSICO (India).
This is the first time that a container vessel travelled on inland waterways on the Ganga. This waterway has been named National Waterway-1. PM Modi also dedicated a multi-modal terminal to the nation.

Now let us know details of all waterways of India-

1- Varanasi-Haldia waterway (NW No1)-

The National Waterway 1 or NW-1 or Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system is located in India and runs from Haldia (Sagar) to Prayagraj across the Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river systems. It is 1,620 km (1,010 mi) long, making it the longest waterway in India. It is of prime importance amongst all the national waterways considering its locational advantages. The NW-1 passes through West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and serves major cities and their industrial hinterlands like

It was declared as a waterway in October 1986. It is navigable by mechanical boat up to Patna.


The Haldia-Varanasi stretch of the National Waterway-1 has been developed with technical assistance and investment support from the World Bank. The total estimated cost of the project is Rs 5,369.18 crore. The cost of the project was shared between the Indian government and the World Bank on 50:50 ratio.
The project involves construction of three multi-modal terminals - at Varanasi, Sahibganj and Haldia, two inter-modal terminals and five roll-on-roll-off or Ro-Ro terminal pairs. It also has a new navigation lock at Farakka, assured depth dredging, integrated vessel repair and maintenance facility.
Operation, management and further development of the terminal is proposed to be entrusted to an operator on public-private partnership model. The selection of the operator is at an advanced stage through an international competitive bidding. The process is expected to be complete by December end.


2- National Waterway -2 - ( from Sadia to Dhubri patti ) - Route to Dhubri patti from  Saadia in the Brahmaputra river is  known as  National Waterway-2.  The waterway was declared National Waterway  ,started in 1988. The total length of  waterways is  891 km .The  important commercial center of the waterway are  Dhubri, Gogigopa, Gwahti, Tezpur, Nimati, Dibrugarh, the Saadia and Saykhowa.


3- National Waterway -3 - (Kollam to Kottapuram) –  In 1992 , water route through coastal rivers in Western India  from Kottapuram to Kollym has been declared  as National waterway – 3. Total length of the National Waterways is 205 km.

x4-national waterways -4 - (Kakinada to Marakkanm) - route combined of  expansion  of  Kakinada Puducherry canal , river Godavari and river Krishna  is named as national waterways -4.. The length of  waterway  is 1095 km. This waterway connects Chennai port ports of Kakinada and Mchclipattm.

x5- National Waterways -5 - (Talcher to Dhamra) - the eastern coastal canal system  of Brahmani and Mahanadi delta region is  known as the national waterway -5. It connects the 101 km  waterway between Paradip and mangalgari. The total length of the waterway is 623 km. It was started  in 1985 it was declared a national waterway in 2008.

s6-National Waterways -6 { lakhimpur to bhanga}  - This waterway is proposed but yet it is not started .The total length of the national waterway is 121 km