Indus Water Treaty:what is it and can India abandon it

Date: February 19, 2019

world bank jhelam chenab ravi China

The Indus Water Treaty (IWT) is a treaty for disribution of water between India and Pakistan. It was signed on September 19, 1960 by the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan’s President Ayub Khan. It was brokered by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank).

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The Indus River originates in the southwestern Tibet (Autonomous Region of China) & flows through the Kashmir region and then via Pakistan it drain into the Arabian Sea. It is joined by numerous tributaries, notably those of the eastern Punjab Plain—the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers. 

The Indus River originates in the southwestern Tibet Autonomous Region of China and flows through the disputed Kashmir region and then into Pakistan to drain into the Arabian Sea. It is joined by numerous tributaries, notably those of the eastern Punjab Plain—the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers.

ccording to treaty, control over waters of the western rivers—the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab—to Pakistan and those of the eastern rivers—the Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej—to India.

Can India abandon it:-

It is a treaty mediated by World Bank and have international implications.Former UN deputy secretary general remarked at the UN meet that this treaty has survived two wars between India and Pakistan making this treaty a success. But due to recent attacks some sections of Indian society wants to scrap it.However officially the treaty can be terminated if a duly ratified treaty concluded by the two governments. Also the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties also provides for termination and suspension of treaties. Article 62 of the convention cites “Fundamental Change in Circumstances” as the reason for termination of a treaty.

But we have to consider that it will damage India's credibility along with one can not forget that  Satluj and Brahmaputra flowing from Tibet, China. And China's support and favour to Pakistan.