Cuba becomes first nation to eliminate mother-to-child HIV

Date: July 02, 2015

Cuba HIV AIDS

Elimination mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis by Cuba

Cuba became the first country in the world to receive validation from WHO for eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis.This is a major victory in fight against HIV and sexually transmitted infections, and an important step towards having an AIDS-free generation.

Pregnant women living with HIV have a 15-45% chance of transmitting the virus to their children during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding, if untreated.

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However, that risk drops to just over 1% if antiretroviral medicines are given to both mothers and children throughout the stages when infection can occur.

On the other hand Worldwide about 1 million pregnant women are infected with syphilis annually. This can result in early fetal loss and stillbirth, neonatal death, low-birth-weight infants and serious neonatal infections.