Date: December 20, 2014
The Indian Space Research Organisation has launched the first test flight of its rocket – the GSLV Mark. III – on 18/12/2014, conducting a suborbital flight that also demonstrated a prototype crew capsule (CARE) for India’s proposed manned missions. Liftoff from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre occurred at 09:30 local time.
India’s new rocket, which the ISRO refers to by the names GSLV Mk.III and LVM3, is a completely new vehicle marking the third generation for India’s orbital launch systems.The two-stage rocket is designed to place around 10 tonnes (9.8 Imperial tons, 11 US tons) of payload into low earth orbit or four tonnes (3.9 Imperial tons, 4.4 US tons) to a geosynchronous transfer orbit.
It descended in a ballistic mode and splashed down into the Bay of Bengal, some 180 km from Indira Point, the southern tip of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.The LVM3-X flight with active S200 and L110 propulsion stages and a passive C25 stage with dummy engine, carried CARE (Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment) as its payload.
Weighing over three tonnes, the 2.7-metre tall cup cake shaped crew module with a diameter of 3.1 metres, which features aluminium alloy internal structure with composite panels and ablative thermal protection systems, was made to safely drop down into the sea by specially-made parachutes from Agra-based DRDO lab Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment.
Some Historical Facts:-
India made its first attempt to launch a satellite on 10 August 1979, with its Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV) carrying the Rohini Technology Payload, or RTP, in a launch from the Sriharikota Range (now known as the Satish Dhawan Space Centre).Control of the rocket was lost following a valve failure in the second stage thrust vectoring system, with the rocket falling into the bay of Bengal.
India’s first successful launch came on 18 July in the following year, with the second Satellite Launch Vehicle orbiting the Rohini or RS-1 satellite.