New Secular Constitution of Nepal

Date: September 21, 2015

monarchy UCPN- Maoist

Nepal adopts new Constitution

Nepal has formally adopted a new constitution, nearly a decade after the country ended a long-running civil war.The new constitution was agreed by parliament last week. The Members of parliament applauded as President Ram Baran Yadav signed the document in the capital Kathmandu.

Earlier the Parliament had unanimously adopted the new Constitution by a 507-25 votes in the 601 seat Constituent Assembly (CA) after seven years of painstaking deliberations. The lawmakers of CA from Nepali Congress, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and UCPN- Maoist supported the new constitution. The new constitution defines the Nepal, a majority Hindu nation as a secular republic divided into seven federal provinces.

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It should be noted that this is fifth constitution enacted by Nepal. The previous four constitutions were enacted in 1959, 1962, 1990 and 1999. Background The new Constitution has been drafted by second Constituent Assembly (CA) which was elected in 2013. Chairman of CA was Subash Nemwang. The first CA established 2008 after the abolishment of the Himalayan country’s 240-year-old Hindu monarchy was not able to finish its task despite four extensions.

India's point-

In a spectacular rebuff to India, Nepal on Sunday promulgated a constitution despite India's pleas to postpone until it could be more acceptable to a greater number of people in the Himalayan republic.

The announcement came alongside violent protests leading to a death, and the new constitution's rejection by almost 40 per cent of the population of the country, raising questions about its legitimacy.

Nepal's decision, coming a day after foreign secretary S Jaishankar's visit, leaves India grappling with the spillover of the continuing violence and a growing security problem on its borders, particularly on the eve of Bihar elections.