Year end Review for the Ministry of Agriculture (2014-15)

Date: December 24, 2014

review of agriculture 2014-2015

Year end Review for the Ministry of Agriculture (2014-15)

 

The Ministry of Agriculture has released ite year end review for 2014-2015. Agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India.

 

INDIAN AGRICULTURE AT A GLANCE

  • Agriculture continues to be the backbone of Indian economy.
  • Agriculture sector employs 54.6% of the total workforce.
  • The total Share of Agriculture & Allied Sectors (Including Agriculture, Livestock, forestry and fishery sub sectors) in terms of percentage of Gross Domestic Product is 13.9 percent during 2013-14 at 2004-05 prices. [As per the estimates released by Central Statistics Office]
  • For the 12th Plan (2012-17), a growth target of 4 percent has been set for the Agriculture Sector
  • As per the 4th Advance Estimates of Production of food grains for 2013-14, total food grain production is estimated to be 264.77 Million Tonnes.

 

Growth Strategy all the ongoing 51 schemes of the Department have been restructured into five missions. These are –

  • National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture Mission (MIDH)
  • National Mission on Oil Seed and Oil Palm (NMOOP)
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
  • National Mission on Agricultural Extension & Technology (NMAET)

 

Recognizing the importance of Agriculture Sector, the Government during the budget 2014-15 took a number of steps for sustainable development of Agriculture.

 

Details of the Initiatives are as follows:

 

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  India ranks first among the world’s milk producing Nations are such 1998 and milk production peaked at 137.97 million tonnes in 2013-14.

 India has the largest bovine population in the world.

 Rashtriya Gokul Mission a project under the National Program for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development is being launched with the objective of conserving and developing indigenous Breeds in a focused and scientific manner. 

B-Rail Milk Network

In order to promote Agri Rail Network for transportation of milk, overs have been placed by AMUL and NDDB on behalf of Dairy Cooperative Federations for procurement of 36 new Rail Milk Tankers and will be made available by Railways.  This will help in movement of milk from milk surplus areas to areas of demand providing dairy farmers with greater market areas.

C-    ‘Blue Revolution’ for development of inland fisheries being initiated with a sum of Rs. 50 crore

D-  Agriculture credit at a concessional rate of 7% with an interest subvention of 3% for timely repayment will continue during 2014-15.

E-     Government has initiated a scheme for Soil Health Card for every farmer in a mission mode with an initial allocation of Rs. 100 crore in 2014-15.

F-     A Kisan TV - Channel dedicated to agriculture will be launched with the initial allocation of Rs. 100 crores in the current financial year.

G-    An initial allocation of Rs. 200 crore has been allocated for establishing Agriculture Universities in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan and Horticulture Universities in Telangana and Haryana.

H-     With a view to develop commercial organic farming in the North Eastern Region a sum of Rs. 100 crore has been allocated.

 

Central Government recognizes and discharges its responsibility to assist State Governments in overall development of Agriculture sector. Effective policy measures are in position to improve agricultural production and productivity and address problems of farmers. State Governments are also impressed upon to allocate adequate funds for development of agriculture sector in State plan, as well as initiate other measures required for achieving targeted agricultural growth rate and address problem of farmers.

 

Suggested question for prelims-  

  • Target of twelfth plan regarding agriculture.
  • India’s rank in livestock and milk production.
  • National Missions on Agriculture (name and target)
  • Launch andTarget of Ratriya Gokul Mission & Rail Milk Network

 

Suggested Question for mains-

  • Discuss the present status of agriculture in India Economy. What are the recent initiatives taken by the union government for revival of agriculture.(200 words)