World Leprosy Day

Date: January 25, 2015

World Leprosy Day

World Leprosy Day 2015

The World Leprosy Day was first observed in the year 1954 It is dedicated to raising awareness of these issues and the objective behind this day is to eradicate leprosy from the core.

Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Initially, infections are without symptoms and typically remain this way for 5 to as long as 20 years. Symptoms that develop include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. This may result in a lack of ability to feel pain and thus loss of parts of extremities due to repeated injuries. Weakness and poor eyesight may also be present.

Key facts

 1-Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by a slow multiplying bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae.

 2-leprae multiplies slowly and the incubation period of the disease is about 5 years. Symptoms can take as long as 20 years to appear.

 3-The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract and also the eyes.

 4-Leprosy is curable.

5-Although not highly infectious, it is transmitted via droplets, from the nose and mouth, during close and frequent contacts with untreated cases.

6-Early diagnosis and treatment with multidrug therapy (MDT) remain key in eliminating the disease as a public health concern

7-Untreated, leprosy can cause progressive and permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes.