Date: December 26, 2014
To achieve full immunization coverage for all children by 2020 through a Catch-Up campaign
The Mission Indradhanush, depicting seven colours of the rainbow, aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against seven vaccine preventable diseases which include diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B. The Mission is launched on Good Governance Day (25th December) to mark the birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Shri Madan Mohan Malaviya and birthday of Bharat Ratna Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
There are 201 high focus districts in the country in the first phase which have nearly 50% of all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children. These districts will be targeted by intensive efforts to improve the routine immunization coverage.It is important to note that of the 201 districts, 82 districts are in just four states of UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and nearly 25% of the unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children of India are in these 82 districts of 4 states. Another 297 will be targeted for the second phase in the year 2015.
It is reported that between 2009-2013 immunization coverage has increased from 61% to 65%, indicating only 1% increase in coverage every year. And so to accelerate the process of immunization by covering 5% and more children every year, the Mission Mode has been adopted to achieve target of full coverage by 2020.
The Mission will be technically supported by WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and other donor partners.