Child Labour Prohibition Bill passed by Parliament

Date: July 27, 2016

right to education adolescent

Lok Sabha passes bill prohibiting employment of children below 14 years; Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Amendment Bill prohibits children's employment in all occupations except non-hazardous family business.

It has also been linked with the Right to Education Act - 2009 for ensuring mandatory education to all children. It has entailed strong punishment for violators while violation of rules is punishable as a cognisable offence.The Bill also provides for floating of a Child Labour Rehabilitation Fund for facilitating welfare and rehabilitation of rescued child labourers.

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Major Points-

    The Act prohibits employment of children below 14 years in certain occupations such as automobile workshops, bidi-making, carpet weaving, handloom and power loom industry, mines and domestic work. In light of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, the Bill seeks to prohibit employment of children below 14 years in all occupations except where the child helps his family after school hours.
    The Bill adds a new category of persons called “adolescent”. An adolescent means a person between 14 and 18 years of age. The Bill prohibits employment of adolescents in hazardous occupations as specified (mines, inflammable substance and hazardous processes).
    The central government may add or omit any hazardous occupation from the list included in the Bill.
    The Bill enhances the punishment for employing any child in an occupation. It also includes penalty for employing an adolescent in a hazardous occupation.
    The penalty for employing a child was increased to imprisonment between 6 months and two years (from 3 months-one year) or a fine of Rs 20,000 to Rs 50,000 (from Rs 10,000-20,000) or both.
    The penalty for employing an adolescent in hazardous occupation is imprisonment between 6 months and two years or a fine of Rs 20,000 to Rs 50,000 or both.
    The government may confer powers on a District Magistrate to ensure that the provisions of the law are properly carried out.
    The Bill empowers the government to make periodic inspection of places at which employment of children and adolescents are prohibited.