Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

Date: December 31, 2014

RKVY; agriculture development

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

Pursuant to the resolution adopted on 29-05-2007 by the National Development Council (NDC), to reorient the current agricultural development strategies to meet the needs of the farmers and for fresh efforts by the Central and State Governments to rejuvenate the agricultural sector so as to achieve 4% annual growth during the 11th Five Year Plan, a new State Plan Scheme of Additional Central Assistance (ACA) for agriculture and allied sectors, namely, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) was launched during 2007-08 with an envisaged outlay of Rs. 25,000 crore for the Plan period. The funds are routed through the State Agriculture Department, which is the nodal Department for the scheme.

RKVY

Presently, six sub-schemes are being implemented as sub-schemes under RKVY during 2014-15. These sub-schemes and their allocations are:-

1- Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern Region: - This programme was initiated in 2010-11 targeting the improvement in the rice based cropping system of Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Allocation for this scheme in 2010-11 & 2011-12 was Rs. 400 crore each, which has been enhanced to Rs. 1000.00 crore in 2012-13 & 2013-14. The allocation for the year 2014-15 is Rs.1000.00 crore.

2-Initiative on Vegetable Clusters: - Growing demand for vegetables was proposed to be met by a robust increase in the productivity and market linkage. For the purpose, an efficient supply chain needed to be established, to provide quality vegetables at competitive prices. The allocation for this sub-scheme was Rs.300.00 crore each in 2011-12 & 2012-13. The allocation for the year 2013-14 was Rs. 200.00 crore and 2014-15 is Rs. 175.00 crore.

3- National Mission for Protein Supplements: - National Mission for Protein Supplements was launched with an allocation of Rs.300 crore during 2011-12 to take up activities to promote animal based protein production through livestock development, dairy farming, piggery, goat rearing and fisheries in selected blocks. During 2012-13 & 2013-14 an amount of Rs. 500 crore & Rs. 400.00 crore were allocated for 2014-15, Rs. 300.00 crore has been earmarked for this scheme.

4-Saffron Mission: - The Scheme was initiated in 2010-11 with an overall Government of India budgetary support of Rs.288.06 crore over four years. Allocation has been Rs. 39.44 crore in 2010-11, Rs.50.00 crore each in 2011-12 & 2012-13. The mission was meant to bring economic revival of J&K Saffron. Outlay for the year 2013-14 was Rs. 100.00 crore. An amount of Rs.100.00 crore is earmarked for 2014-15.

5-Vidharbha Intensive Irrigation Development Programme: - The Scheme was initiated in 2012-13  which seeks to bring in more farming areas under protective irrigation. The allocation for the year 2012-13 & 2013-14 was Rs. 300.00 crore each.  For 2014-15 Rs. 150.00 crore has been allocated for VIIDP.

6-Crop Diversification: - The original Green Revolution States have the problem of stagnating yields and over-exploitation of water resources. The answer lies in crop diversification. An amount of Rs.500.00 Crore was allocated for 2013-2014 to the start a programme of crop diversification that would promote technological innovation and encourage farmers to choose crop alternatives. For 2014-15 Rs. 250.00 crore has been allocated for this scheme.

The details of funds allocated, released and utilized under RKVY (including sub-schemes) from the year 2007-08 to 2014-15 is as under:

 Planning Commission has approved an outlay of Rs.63,246 crore for implementation of RKVY for XII Plan.  For the year 2014-15, allocation under the scheme is Rs. 9954.00 crore.

 

Suggested question for mains- 

 

Critically examine RKVY? Whether it is capable of facilitating in attainment of 4% growth rate in agriculture? comment (150 words)

 

 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation; Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.