Date: January 04, 2015
CoP-20;Lima Climate Change Conference
CoP-20 (Lima Climate Change Conference - December 2014)
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP20 or CMP10 was held in Lima, Peru, from December 1 to 12, 2014. This was be the 20th yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 20) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 10) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.The conference delegates held negotiations towards a global climate agreement.
Details of the conference:
All nations will be asked to submit plans for curbing greenhouse gas emissions, known as “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions,” or INDCs, to the United Nations by an informal deadline of March 31, 2015, as the core of a Paris deal.
The conference also invited actions by all nations to combat warming, blurring a distinction in a 1992 climate convention that split the world into two camps of rich and poor – under which the rich had to lead the way.
Many emerging economies, such as India, insisted on that continued split. But the United States and other rich nations said the world had changed and that developing countries also had to curb their rising emissions.
The talks agreed on a document of “elements” that will form the basis of a negotiating text for Paris next year.
Outcomes of the conference-
The Lima Climate Conference achieved a range of other important outcomes and decisions and "firsts" in the history of the international climate process.
1-Pledges were made by both developed and developing countries prior to and during the COP that took the capitalization of the new Green Climate Fund (GCF) past an initial $10 billion target.
2-Levels of transparency and confidence-building reached new heights as several industrialized countries submitted themselves to questioning about their emissions targets under a new process called a Multilateral Assessment.
3-The Lima Ministerial Declaration on Education and Awareness-raising calls on governments to put climate change into school curricula and climate awareness into national development plans.
4- UNFCCC- NAMA Day- A special event took place on actions to reduce emissions with the help of so-called “nationally appropriate mitigation actions” (NAMAs).
NAMAs are plans of developing countries to reduce emissions and to develop sustainably which can be supported by developed countries. The UNFCCC secretariat has established a registry to match requests for and offers of support.
CoP-20 and India- India, the world’s third largest country carbon emitter, has claimed victory at the Lima climate talks, with the final agreement restoring a difference in the manner in which rich and poor countries made efforts to tackle climate change through an explicit reference to "the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities"