World Cancer Day

Date: February 05, 2015

cancer lymphoma radiation Chemotherapy

World Cancer Day observed across the world on 4 February  

 

The theme for the World Cancer Day 2015 was “Not beyond Us”. It was dedicated for a positive and proactive approach to the fight against cancer.

Focus areas of 2015 campaign are-

1-Choosing healthy lives

2-Delivering early detection

3-Achieving treatment for all

4-Maximising quality of life

The global cancer epidemic is huge and is set to rise. Currently, 8.2 million people die from cancer worldwide every year, out of that, 4 million people die between the age group of 30 to 69 years. In 2016 alone, nearly 9 million people are likely to die of cancer, and the number of deaths will increase to 13 million per year by 2030.

 

 

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World Cancer Day

It is an initiative of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC). The UICC aims to unite the world’s population in the fight against cancer and save millions of preventable deaths each year by raising awareness and education about the disease and pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action.

About Cancer-

Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery.

Classification of Cancer-

It is classified by the type of cell that the tumor cells resemble and is therefore presumed to be the origin of the tumor. These types include:

1- Carcinoma: Cancers derived from epithelial cells. This group includes many of the most common cancers, particularly in the aged, and include nearly all those developing in the breast, prostate, lung, pancreas, and colon.
2- Sarcoma: Cancers arising from connective tissue (i.e. bone, cartilage, fat, nerve), each of which develops from cells originating in mesenchymal cells outside the bone marrow.
3- Lymphoma and leukemia: These two classes of cancer arise from hematopoietic (blood-forming) cells that leave the marrow and tend to mature in the lymph nodes and blood, respectively. Leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children accounting for about 30%.[83]
4-Germ cell tumor: Cancers derived from pluripotent cells, most often presenting in the testicle or the ovary (seminoma and dysgerminoma, respectively).
Blastoma: Cancers derived from immature "precursor" cells or embryonic tissue. Blastomas are more common in children than in older adults.

Diagnosis -

Majority of cancers can be detected at initial stage, for example occurrence of tumour in certain cases. Peoples with family history of cancer occurrence can avoid incidence of cancer by undergoing pre examinations like blood tests, X-rays, CT scans and endoscopy.

  Treatment –

  • Chemotherapy- Treatment of cancer through drugs like alkylating agents and antimetabolites.
  • Radiation therapy - Where the patient  has to undergo exposer of UV &/or ionizing radiation which kills cancer cells.