Socio-Economic and Caste census (SECC)-2011

Date: July 05, 2015

poverty education employment caste census

Govt releases Socio-Economic and Caste census

Socio-Economic and Caste census (SECC)-2011 is a study of socio economic status of rural and urban households and allows ranking of households based on predefined parameters.Census in Rural Area is done by Department of Rural Development (DoRD) while Census in Urban Area isw by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA) and Caste Census is conducted byMinistry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India.This is the first paperless census conducted on hand-held electronic devices by the government

Key findings of the SECC-

prepare ias

    The census says that 23.52% rural families have no literate adult above 25 years, suggesting a poor state of education among rural masses.
    The census indicates that one out of three families living in villages is landless and depends on manual labour for livelihood. The deprivation data reveal that 5.37 crore (29.97%) households in rural areas are landless deriving a major part of their income from manual labour.
     As many as 2.37 crore (13.25%) families in villages live in houses of one room with ‘kaccha’ walls and roof.
     53%, or 3.86 crore, families living in villages belong to SC/ST categories.
     6% of all rural households in the country pay income tax.
     As for sources of income, 9.16 crore households (51.14%) depend on manual casual labour followed by cultivation (30.10%).
     5 crore (14.01%) rural families are dependent on income from other sources which include government service, private sector and PSUs.
     08 lakh households fall back on ragpicking while 6.68 lakh depend on begging and charity alms.
     Transgenders comprise 0.1% of India’s rural population. Andaman & Nicobar islands, West Bengal, Gujarat, Odisha and Mizoram have the highest proportions of transgenders.
     6% of rural Indians were unmarried, 40% are currently married and 3.5% are divorced.
     Daman and Diu lead the country in the proportion of their rural population that has remained unmarried — at 55.9%, this is far higher than the national average. Chandigarh, on the other hand, has      only 23.2% of its population that has never married.

prepare ias

Data on Literacy:

    The Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) has found that 36% of the 884 million people in rural India are illiterate. This is higher than the 32% recorded by the Census of India 2011.
    Of the 64% literate rural Indians, a more than a fifth have not even completed primary school. The SECC also found that only 5.4% of rural India has completed high school with a mere 3.4% having graduated from college.
   This poor state of rural education is reflected in the fact that 23.5% of rural households had no adults above the age of 25 who are literate – one of the categories of deprivation measured by the SECC.
    The performance within States is hugely varied, with an alarming 47.6% of rural Rajasthanis remaining illiterate, compared to 9.3% in Lakshadweep and 11.4% in Kerala.
   Delhi performs the best when it comes to percentage of its rural population that has completed graduate studies – at 9.6%, its performance is almost thrice as good as the national average.