Ecology and Environment news

Coral Bleaching:Causes,effects and remedies

Date: June 19, 2019


What are Coral reefs?

Coral reefs are important hotspots of Biodiversity  in the ocean ,Corals are animals in the same class (Cnidaria) as jellyfish and anemones .they consist of individual polyps that get together and build reefs.

Significance –

  1. Coral reefs support a wide range of species and maintain th...

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Bharat Stage emissions norms

Date: February 12, 2019

The Bharat Stage emission standards are set by the government of India (the Central Pollution Control Board, the Ministry of Environment & Forests and climate change) to regulate the output of air pollutants from vehicles by internal combustion and Spark-ignition engines. India has been following Euro emission norms {Europian norms} in this regard.

The standards initially were intro...

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13 Indian beaches will become Asia’s first 'Blue Flag' environment-friendly beaches

Date: June 12, 2018

13 Indian beaches will now have environment-friendly resources and will live up to international standards as they are now going to be awarded with the Blue Flag certification.This certification is granted to beaches on the basis of cleanliness standards, being environment friendly and to be equipped with amenities of international standards for tourists.

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Clean Air India Initiative launched to curb air pollution in Indian cities

Date: May 26, 2018

Prime Minister of Netherlands Mark Rutte launched the ‘Clean Air India Initiative’ in New Delhi.
It is a collaborative project between
-Get In The Ring, a platform for start-ups, the government of the Netherlands,
-Start-up India, and
-INDUS Forum, an online matchmaking platform of Indian and Dutch businesses.

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Date: April 04, 2018

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BS-VI fuel norms: Launched in Delhi from April 2018

Date: April 04, 2018

From April 1, Delhi will be the first city in our country to have fuel that is BS VI complaint. India currently operates on Bharat Stage IV emission norms for two-, three- and four-wheelers.

In a bid to bring down pollution levels and having cleaner cars on the road, the Government has decided to skip directly to BS VI norms by 2020.

This brings India closer to the world as...

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Interactions Between Organisms And It’s Environment

Date: January 25, 2018

Interactions Between Organisms And It’s Environment

In previous updates from Ecology we have now established that the physical (abiotic components like rain, waterfall, wind, humidity) factors of environment influence the survival of an organism (biotic component of environment). Here we will discuss both scenarios ...

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The Environment

Date: January 23, 2018

The Environment

The sum of biotic (non-living) and abiotic (non-living) factors that surround and influence an organism is called Environment. Principally there are various physical attributes to environment called as physical environment which are comprised of hydrosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere. All these have influ...

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Ecology and Environment

Date: January 19, 2018

Ecology and Environment

Chapter 1: Introduction to ecology and terminology

Ecology by definition is the branch of science dealing with the interaction between organism and its environment.

The study of Ecology becomes important for various aspects regarding environment, its structure, func...

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Date: May 31, 2017

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Rising CO2 emissions may increase global iron deficiency risk

Date: May 29, 2017

Increased level of CO2 in atmosphere not only causes polar ice to melt and coastal food web to collapse, but it is also directly linked to iron deficiency in human beings. According to a study published by the researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, about 1.4 billion children below five years and women of childbearing age in some parts of Asia ...

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Climate change to affect rice productivity, TNAU study

Date: May 29, 2017

Global climate change is projected to have wide ranging effects on environment, socio-economic and related sectors. Indian agriculture scientists have found that rising temperature will adversely hit rice productivity in the country.

Experiments done in Tamil Nadu show that elevated temperature will have a negative impact on rice...

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Solar trees: Beneficial in a land-scarce economy

Date: May 29, 2017

A solar tree is a structure incorporating solar energy technology on a single pillar, like a tree trunk. It may be a solar artwork or a functional power generator.Solar trees are intended to bring visibility to solar technology and to enhance the landscape and architecture they complement, usually in a commercial or public context. An objective of many solar tree in...

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'Sci-fi' forest to track effects of increasing CO2 levels

Date: April 06, 2017

Scientists have developed a 'sci-fi' outdoor laboratory in the UK to find out how forests will respond to the levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide expected by the middle of the 21st century.

The industrial-scale experiment in a Staffordshire forest encircles trees with 25 metre masts gushing high levels of carbon dioxide (CO2).

The site is surrounded by a three metres anti-climb...

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Date: February 03, 2017

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Norway Becomes World’s First Country to Ban Deforestation

Date: June 14, 2016

Norway has become the first country to ban deforestation. The Norwegian Parliament pledged May 26 that the government’s public procurement policy will be deforestation-free.Any product that contributes to deforestation will not be used in the Scandinavian country. The pledge was recommended by Norwegian Parliament’s Standing Committee on Energy and Environment as part of the Action ...

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Delhi not ‘most polluted’:World Health Organization (WHO)

Date: May 12, 2016

Delhi is no longer the most polluted city in the world, the latest air quality report from the World Health Organization (WHO) says.

The national capital which earned notoriety for the state of its environment now stands 11th among 3,000 cities in 103 countries in terms of fine particulate matter or PM 2.5. The ‘Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database (update 2016)’ rele...

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Earth Day 2016 — Trees for the Earth

Date: April 21, 2016

Earth Day is celebrated annually on April 22, to demonstrate support for environmental protection. It was first celebrated in 1970, and is now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network.

The theme of Earth Day 2016 is "Trees for the Earth".

Why Trees?

Trees help combat climate change.
They absorb excess and harmf...

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World Bank initiated "Climate Change Action Plan", to mobilise $25 bn in pvt financing

Date: April 09, 2016

 The World Bank has unveiled an ambitious Climate Change Action Plan (CCP) to accelerate efforts to tackle climate change over the next five years i.e. by 2020. It seeks to help developing countries to deliver their targets set in the national climate plans submitted for the historic climate agreement reached at COP21 in Paris in December 2015.

The Climate Change Action Plan, relea...

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Solid Waste Management Rules (Revised) 2016

Date: April 05, 2016

The Environment Ministry has revised Solid Waste Management Rules after 16 years. Addressing a press conference to announce the revised Rules here today, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar said that the Rules are now applicable beyond municipal areas and will extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial t...

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Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve among 20 new sites in UNESCO list of biosphere reserves

Date: March 21, 2016

The United Nation's cultural body UNESCO has added 20 new sites, including India’s Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve  in the Western Ghats.The International Coordinating Council added the new sites during a two-day meeting on Saturday in Lima, capital of Peru, bringing the total number of biosphere reserves to 669 sites in 120 countries, including 16 transboundary sites.The ne...

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Effect of pollution: First ever red alert in effect in Beijing

Date: December 08, 2015

Beijing has issued its first ever “red alert” over the city’s smog, with the Chinese capital going into shutdown in an attempt to protect people from the deadly air.

It is the first time ever that the highest possible state of caution has been declared in the city, which has more than 21 million residents.

The warning means schools will have to close down and c...

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Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation

Date: December 04, 2015

A broad coalition of nations, river basin organizations, business and civil society has announced the creation of the international Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation to make water systems – the very foundation of sustainable human development - more resilient to climate impacts.

The “”Water Resilience Focus” event under the Lima to Paris Action Ag...

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2015 to be the warmest year – WMO

Date: November 28, 2015

UN weather body the World Meteorological Organisation’s (WMO) in  State of the global climate report  says that man-made global warming and El Niño oceanic phenomenon made 2011-2015 the warmest five-year period on record.Global average surface temperature in 2015 reaches the significant milestone of 1° Celsius above the pre-industrial era.


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Sendai framework for Disaster Reduction 2015 – 2030

Date: August 28, 2015

India to implement Sendai framework for Disaster Reduction 2015 – 2030

Government has announced its plans to implement the Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. Union Minister of State (MoS) for Home has announced it after inaugurating a workshop on Enhancing Private Sector Partnership...

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World Biofuel Day 2015

Date: August 11, 2015

10 August: World Bio-Fuel Day 

During the 1850s two scientists named as E. Duffy and J. Patrick had designed the first diesel engine. After that another renowned scientist named as Rudolf Diesel built a prime model of diesel engine with a 10 feet iron cylinder and flywheel at its base. This model was pow...

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Thane creek declared as Flamingo Sanctuary by Maharashtra government

Date: August 09, 2015

Mumbai gets a flamingo sanctuary

The Maharashtra Revenue and Forest Department notified the northern part of the creek as a wildlife sanctuary under Section 18 of the Wildlife (Protection Act), 1972 for the Flamingo Sanctuary.

The 1,690 hectares sanctuary will include 896 ha of mangroves and 794 ...

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World Resources Institute (WRI) Report:China is the biggest emmiter

Date: June 27, 2015

India Fourth Largest Carbon Emitter

The World Resources Institute (WRI) in its latest analyses of the country-wise carbon emissions of climate-damaging greenhouse gases (GHGs) has found that  India is fourth largest carbon emitter in the world in terms of per capita emission accounting for 6.6 % of globa...

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NASA releases detailed global climate change projections

Date: June 10, 2015

Detailed global climate change projections released

NASA scientists, including one of Indian-origin, have released a new dataset that shows how temperature and rainfall patterns worldwide may change through the year 2100 because of growing concentrations of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere.


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India ranks 24th in the first Environmental Democracy Index

Date: May 22, 2015

Environmental Democracy Index- India at 24th place

In the first Environmental Democracy Index, India ranks 24th out of total of 70 countries which is topped by Lithuania.The index evaluates country’s progress in enacting laws in the promotion of transparency,accountability and engagement of citizens in ...

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Gujarat’s Gir sanctuary now has 523 Asiatic lions

Date: May 12, 2015

Lion census at Gir shows 27 per cent jump in numbers

According to results of the 14th lion census, there are 523 Asiatic lions in Gir forest, other protected areas and revenue areas in Junagadh, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Bhavnagar districts of Saurashtra region of Gujarat. This means the population has increase...

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Three-Coloured Scheme based on Industrie's Pollution Potential

Date: April 13, 2015

Government announced colour code industries based on pollution potential

The Environment Ministry has proposed to classify various industrial sectors across India under a three-coloured scheme depending on their pollution potential.A proposal to classify industries under red, orange ...

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World Health Day 2015: Food Safety

Date: April 07, 2015

World Health Day 2015: From farm to plate, make food safe

World Health Day 2015 will be celebrated on 7 April, and this year the World Health Organisation (WHO) has chosen food safety as the theme for the year. Under the the slogan "From farm to plate, make food safe", WHO this year wants to highlight the challenges associated with food safet...

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National Air Quality Index

Date: April 06, 2015

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched India's first Air Quality Index

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a National Air Quality Index (NAQI) to measure the menace of air pollution in Indian cities. Initially this National Air Quality Index will provide information on the quality of air in 10 ...

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Earth Hour 2015

Date: March 29, 2015

Cities around the world celebrted Earth Hour 2015


The ninth  Earth Hour was observed on 28 March 2015 across the World. in  Earth Hour 2015, millions of people around the world took part in the event for the global climate change awareness campaign. For the first time t...

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Stockholm Water Prize 2015

Date: March 22, 2015

'Water man of India' Rajendra Singh wins Stockholm Water Prize 2015 

An eminent environment activist & water conservationist  Rajendra Singh has been conferred with Stockholm Water Prize 2015. He was awarded this prize for his innovative water restoration efforts and consistent attempts to ...

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World Water Day

Date: March 22, 2015

World Water Day: A day for water and water for SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

World Water Day is marked on 22 March every year. It’s a day to make a difference for the members of the global population who suffer from water related issues.  It is also observed to preserve and ration consumption of water.&n...

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Eco-restoration Project for Kinnersani Sanctuary in Telangana

Date: March 20, 2015

Wildlife Management of Palvancha declared eco-restoration project for Kinnersani Sanctuary in Telangana

The eco-restoration project for Kinnersani Sanctuary will be implemented in 716 hectares of land with an estimated cost of 60 lakh rupees.The objective of the project is to reverse the ecological ...

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Earthquake Zones in India

Date: February 28, 2015


Bureau of Indian Standards, based on the past seismic history, has grouped the country into four seismic zones, viz. Zone-II, -III, -IV and –V.
Of these, Zone V is the most seismically active region, while zone II is the least.

Seismic Zone Intensity on Modified Mercalli (MM) intensity scale associated w...

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3rd Tortoise Festival

Date: February 23, 2015

Assam organised 3rd Tortoise Festival 

3rd Tortoise Festival was organised on the banks of Hajong Lake in Assam by Dima Hasao Environment and Forest Department. The major objective of this celebration is to create awareness among the villagers of of Hajong Lake area regarding the safet...

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World Bank Report on Sunderbans

Date: February 22, 2015

Building resilience for sustainable development of the Sundarbans: World Bank

The report  'Building Resilience for Sustainable Development of the Sundarbans' is prepared by the World Bank in collaboration with the West Bengal government. It cocludes that the environmental damage in the climate change-hit islands of Sundarbans is co...

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Date: February 21, 2015

 SAFAR-Air: India’s first air quality checking Mobile App

 System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR ) Air is a  new mobile app, is jointly developed by Pune-based Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and the Indian Meteorological Department (...

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World Cancer Day

Date: February 05, 2015

World Cancer Day observed across the world on 4 February  


The theme for the World Cancer Day 2015 was “Not beyond Us”. It was dedicated for a positive and proactive approach to the fight against cancer.

Focus areas of 2015 campaign are-

1-Choosing healthy lives...

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Discovery of algae in India

Date: February 05, 2015

Very recently, two bloom forming, endemic algal species are discovered from the west coast of India. These algae are known as Ulva paschima Bast and Claophor goensis Bast.

Importance: It is a well-known fact that our environment has more Carbon content than it should have. Creating hazards for example Global warming and ozone depletion. The discovery of these two algae ...

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GM Crops got approval for trials

Date: February 01, 2015

Maharashtra approved field trials for GM food

Maharashtra Government granted NOC (No Objection Certificates) for open field trials of genetically modified (GM) lines of rice, chana (chickpeas), maize, brinjal and cotton. However  Punjab, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh gave prior  permissi...

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Ethanol Blending in Petrol

Date: January 04, 2015

Ethanol Blending Petrol Program

It was launched in 2003, which was extended to the entire country except NE States, J&K, A&N Islands and Lakshadweep in 2006.

OMCs were directed to sell 5% ethanol blended petrol subject to commercial viability.

A National Policy on Bio-fuels was also no...

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Green Diesel and Bio Diesel

Date: January 04, 2015

Green Diesel

A Boeing aircraft has completed the world’s first flight using ‘green diesel’, a sustainable biofuel made from vegetable oils, waste cooking oil and animal fats.

Sustainable green diesel is widely available and used in ground transportation. Boeing previ...

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Date: January 04, 2015

CoP-20  (Lima Climate Change Conference - December 2014)


The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP20 or CMP10 was held in Lima, Peru, from December 1 to 12, 2014. This was be the 20th yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 20) to the 1992 United Natio...

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degradation in sambhar lake

Date: December 16, 2014

Degradation in ‘Sambhar salt Lake (Rajasthan)


The management of the Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan having a rich natural habitat for birds, is neither under the jurisdiction of the Forests and Wildlife Department of the State nor the Sambhar Salts Limited and Bharat Salts both of w...

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