Characteristics of Sufism

Date: January 17, 2015


Discuss the major beliefs and practices that characterised Sufism. (150 Words)


Sufism was a reform movement with in Islam and started as a reaction against Shia and Sunni conflicts. The two sects of Islam community, they believed in one god; equality and brotherhood of all with all religion. Sufis began to be organized into groups called Silsilas like chisti, qadri etc which differ in their ideology but the essential core being the same. Sufis fought against unislamic practices that crept into the religion such as racial prejudice,domination of conservative ulema,vulgar display of wealth and court traditions like sizda,paibosa and nauroz. Sufis spread the gospel of humanity and stood for peace and harmony

Sufi saints are divided into 12 sects namely SILSILAS; and each is led by a mystic called PIR who lived along with his students MURIDS. PIR nominates a successor or WALI to carry his work. Those who wished to join the silsilas had to do some rituals.

5 essential characteristics of sufism-

  1. Fana- Spiritual merger of devotee with Allah
  2. Insan-e-kamil:-perfect human with all good virtues
  3. Zikr-tauba:- remembrance of god all the time(zikr).
  1. Wahadatul-wazudi:- one god for entire universe; unity of god and being.
  2. Sama:- spiritual dance and music to promote their concepts, though music is unislamic.

Sufi saints played a major role in spreading harmony; peace and they have benevolent attitude and their musical assemblies created an atmosphere of interaction between hindus and muslims.