INDIA-2015: BASIC ECONOMIC DATA
INDIA-2015: BASIC ECONOMIC DATA
Date: February 26, 2015
MPLAD NSSO IIP
BASIC ECONOMIC DATA
THE Ministry of Statistics and programmer Implementation came into existence as an independent Ministry on 15th October, 1999 after the merger of the Department of Statistics and the Department of Programme Implementation. The ministry has two wings, one relating to Statistics and the other relating to Programme Implementation. The Statistics Wing redesignated as National Statistics Office (NSO) consists of the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). The Programme Implementation Wing has three Divisions, namely, : (i) Twenty Point Programme, (ii) Infrastructure and Project Monitoring, and (iii) Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme. Besides these three wings, there is National Statistical Commission (NSC) created through a Resolution of Government of India (MoSPI) and one autonomous institute, viz., Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) declared as an institute of National importance by an Act of Parliament.
NATIONAL STATISTICAL COMMISSION (NSC)
The Government of India through a resolution dated 1st June, 2005 decided to set up the National Statistical Commission (NSC). The setting up of the NSC followed the decision of the Cabinet to accept the recommendation of the Rangarajan Commission, which reviewed the Indian Statistical System in 2001. The National Statistical Commission (NSC) was initially constituted w.e.f. 12th July, 2006, to serve as a nodal and empowered body for all core statistical activities of the country, to evolve, monitor and enforce statistical priorities and standards and to ensure statistical coordination.
CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE
The Central Statistics Office (CSO), and attached office of the Ministry, coordinates the statistical activities in the country and evolves statistical standards. Its activities inter-alia, include compilation of National Accounts, Index of Industrial Production, Consumer Price Indices for Urban/Rural/Combined, Human Development Statistics, including Gender Statistics in the States and Union Territories and disseminates Energy Statistics, Social and Environment Statistics and prepares the National Industrial Classification.
Annual Survey of Industries (ASI)
The Annual Survey of Industrial (ASI) is the principal source of industrial statistics in India. It provides statistical information to access and evaluate, objectively and realistically, the change in the growth, composition and structure of the organized manufacturing sector comprising activities related to manufacturing processes, repair service, generation, transmission etc. of electricity, gas and water supply and cold storage. The survey is statutory under the Collection of Statistics Act, 1953/2008.
The ASI extends to the entire country. The survey all factories registered under Statistics 2m(i) and 2m(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948.
Index of Industrial Production (IIP)
The Index of Industrial Production is released every month in the form of Quick Estimates with a time – lag of about 6 weeks as per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) norms of IMF. The estimates are also simultaneously being released as peruse-based classifications viz., basic goods, capital goods, intermediate goods, consumer durables and non-durables and non-durables.
The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO)
The National Sample Survey Office in the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, is responsible for conducting large scale sample surveys, in divers fields, on an all India basis. Primary data is collected regularly through nationwide household surveys on various Socia-Economic subjects. Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) under the Collection of Statistics Act and Enterprise Surveys, as a follow up of the Economic Census. NSSO collects data on rural and urban prices, plays a significant role in the improvement of crop statistics through supervision of the area enumeration and crop estimation surveys of the State agencies. It also maintains a frame of urban area units for use in sample surveys in urban areas.
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT LOCAL AREA DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
The members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) was launched by the Government of India on 23rd December, 1993 to provide a mechanism for members of Parliament to recommend works of developmental nature for creation of durable community assets and for provision of basic facilities including community infrastructure, based on locally felt needs to be taken up in their Constituencies/States. Initially the MPLADS was under the control of Ministry of Rural Development.
The salient features of the MPLAD Scheme are as follows:
- MPLADS is a plan scheme fully funded by Government of India under which funds are released in the form of Grant-in-aid, special Central Assistance to States.
- In 1993-94, when the scheme was launched, an amount of Rs 5 lakh per MP was allotted which was enhanced to Rs 1 crore per MP per annum from 1994-95 and to Rs 2 crore from 1998-99. This was further increased to Rs 5 crore from 2011
- The funds released under the scheme are non-lapsable i.e., the funds not released in a particular year will be carried forward for making releases in the subsequent years subject to eligibility.
- The Lok Sabha Members shall recommend works in their respective constituencies. The elected members of the Rajya Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the State from which they are elected. Nominated Members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can recommend works for implementation anywhere in the country.
- Right from the inception of the scheme, works, for creation of durable assets of national priorities viz. drinking water, primary education, Public health, sanitation and roads etc. have been given priority.