INDIA 2015: Communication and Information Technology- (remaining)

Date: March 07, 2015

PARAMYUVA C - DAC National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN)

Free & Open Source Software (FOSS) Promotion

Department of Electronics & Information Technology has taken number of key initiative for promoting and fostering the adoption of free & Open Source Software (FOSS) solutions.

National Resource Centre for Free & Open Source Software (NRCFOSS) has been set up creating an eco-system for promotion of FOSS in the country. GNU/Linux based Operating System distribution with Indian languages support “Bharat Operating System Solutions – BOSS” has been brought out in Desktop/EduBOSS as well as Server versions. Current installed base of BOSS Linux/EduBOSS is about 1.5 million which includes deployment of BOSS, in 9 states/UTs Chattisgarh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Bihar and Tripura, in e-governance and education domains and also Indian Navy & Army.


National Informatics Centre (NIC) is a premier IT organization of the country under the Department of Electronics and Information Technology. It was established in 1976, and has since emerged as a “prime builder” of e-Government/e-Governance applications / solutions up to the grassroot  level and provider of ICT infrastructure for e-Governance. NIC, through its ICT Network, “NICNET”, has institutional linkages with all the Ministries / Departments of the Central government, 35 state governments / union territories and about 648 district administrations of India.


The first and the only Cyber Court in the country has been established by the Central Government in accordance with the provisions contained under section 48(1) of the Information Technology Act, 2000. The Court was initially known as the Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal (CRAT). The Tribunal after the amendment of the IT Act in the year 2009 is known as the Cyber Appellate Tribunal (CAT). Provision has been made in the amended Act or the Tribunal to comprise a Chairperson and many other members, as the Central Government may notify / appoint.


CERT-In is the national nodal agency set up under Section 70B of the Information Technology Act, 2000 to respond to computer security incidents as an when they occur. CERT-In creates awareness on security issues through dissemination of information on its website (http: //www// and operates 24×7 Incident Response Help Desk. It provides Incident Prevention and Response services as well as Security Quality Management Service.

National Cyber Security Policy  

The National Cyber Security Policy was released in July, 2013 for public use and implementation by all relevant stakeholders. The policy is intended to cater for a broad spectrum of ICT users and providers including Government and non-Government entities. Besides this, CERT-In, DIT in coordination with MHA, NIC and other stakeholders prepared and circulated computer security guidelines and procedures for implementation across all Central Government Ministries / Departments.


Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering & Research (SAMEER) is an autonomous R&D institute under the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (Deit Y), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MC&IT), Govt. of India. The organization was set up in 1984 with the goal of becoming a premier research institute in the field of RF and microwaves technology. SAMEER as an R&D institute is fully committed to contribute to the growth of technology development in the country through its persistent efforts in pursing quality research and product development.

Headquarters of SAMEER is located at IIT campus, Powai, Mumbai.


Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is the premier R&D organization of the Department of Electronics and Information technology (Deit Y), Ministry of Communications & Information Technology (MCIT) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas.

C-DAC’s vision is to emerge as the premier R&D Institution for the design, development and deployment of word class electronic and IT solutions for economic and human advancement.

C-DAC is pursuing activities in the following thematic areas:

  • High Performance Computing (HPC), Grid Computing and Cloud Computing
  • Multilingual Computing (HPC), Grid Computing and Cloud Computing
  • Professional Electronics including VLSI and Embedded Systems
  • Software Technologies including FOSS
  • Cyber – Security and Cyber Forensics
  • Health Informatics
  • Education and Training


Continuing its contribution to overcome the language barrier in computing and IT, C-DAC developed and enhanced several multilingual tools, technologies and products during this year. The consortia projects enabled stronger collaboration among various technology players of the country. These included the Cross-Lingual Information Access (CLIA) consortia, Indian Language Text–to–speech Consortia, English to Indian Language Machine Translation (EILMT) consortia,  and a consortia for speech-to-speech Machine Assisted Translation Dialogue System.

Bharat Operating System Solution

Enterprise-wide self-managed network solution – EDGE, a dynamic firewall solution – Chakra, a White listing solution – AppSamvid, a URL analyzer are examples of a few security solutions developed during the year. Several solutions for authentication were also developed/enhanced. These include a fingerprint identification system, iris recognition and identity solutions, face recognition system, and online signature verification system.


Software Technology Parks of India was established and registered as an autonomous society Parks of India was established and registered as an autonomous society under then Department of Electronics in 1991 with an objective to implement STP scheme, set-up and manage infrastructure facilities and provide to other services like technology assessment and professional training.


C – MET has three centres at Pune, Hyderabad and Thrissur. They are developing knowledge base in electronics materials and their processing technology for Indian industries.


Media Lab Asia Media Lab Asia has been set up as a not-for-profit organization under section 25 of the Companies Act with an aim to bring the benefits of the information and communication technologies to the common man.

Media Lab Asia (ML Asia) works on the paradigm of collaborative research in its task of developing technologies and bringing them to the daily lives of people. The strength of ML Asia lies in empowering gander & minorities and tribal and differently abled with the use of ICT.

National Telecom Policy – 2012 (NTP - 2012)

The Government announced National Telecom Policy – 2012 (NTP - 2012). The main objectives of the policy, inter-alia, include increase in rural tale-density to 70 per cent by the year 2017 and 100 per cent by the year 2020, 175 million broadband connections by 2017 and 600 million by the year 2020 at minimum 2 Mbps download speed and making available higher speeds of at least 100 Mbps on demand.

National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN)


The optical fibre has predominantly reached state capitals, districts and blocks. To connect all 2.5  lakh Gram panchayats in the country, Government approved a project called ‘National Optical Fibre Network’. Non-discriminatory access to the network will be provided to all the telecom service providers like mobile, Internet and cable TV in rural areas. The project is being executed by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), namely, Bharat Broadband Networks Limited (BBNL).