Major Industries of India

Date: December 13, 2014

                                                Major Industries of India               

Public Sector Steel Plants

Location

Set up with assistance of

Remarks

1.      Rourkela (Orissa)

Germany

Set up under the Second Five Year Plan at the cost of Rs. 171 crore. It went into production in 1959.

2.      Bhilai (Madhya Pradesh)

Russian Government

Set up under the Second Five Year Plan at the cost of Rs. 8.5 crore. It went into production in 1959.

3.      Dugapur (West Bengal)

British Government

Set up under the Second Five Year Plan at the cost of Rs. 188 crore. It went into production in 1962.

4.      Bokaro (Jharkhand)

Russian Government

The biggest plant in Asia was set up under the Fourth Five-Year Plan. It went into production in 1973.

5.      Burnpur (West Bengal)

 

Acquired by the nationalization of private sector plant Indian Iron & Steel Co. in 1976

6.      Visakhapatnam (AP)

Russian Government

Set up under the Sixth Five Year Plan at the cost of Rs. 2,256 crore.

7.      Salem (Tamil Nadu)

-

Set up under the Sixth Five-Year Plan

8.      Bhadrawati (Karnataka)

-

Nationalized under the Sixth Five-Year Plan

 

Important Resources

Regions/Main Industries

Jharkhand-Bengal Industrial Belt

Mumbai-Pune

Ahmedabad-Vadodara

Madurai Coimbatore-Bangalore

Coal

Damodar Valley (Jharkhand), Assam, W. Bengal, Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh

Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

Mumbai

Andhra Pradesh

Iron Ore

Singhbhum (Jharkhand)

-

-

Small iron & steel works at Bhadravati using ores extracted from Bahuban hills

Power Hydro-Electricity

Damodar Valley

Important supplies from Western Ghats

-

Cauvery, Jog Nilgiri Project

Other Raw Materials (Agricultural)

Bengal Jute by water routes meeting Damodar Coal (but much of the best Jute has gone to Bangladesh)

Cotton Groundnuts on regur soil of plateau to the East

Cotton from surrounding, sugar, soils, Salt from salt pans

Some cotton in Madurai and Coimbatore

 

Important Industries in India

Industry

Location

Aircraft industry

Bangalore and Kanpur

Aluminium

Alwaye (Kerala), Asansol (West Bengal), Belur (Karnataka), Hirakud (Orissa), Renukoot (UP), Muri (Jharkhand), Korba (Chhattisgarh)

Automobiles

Mumbai, Burnpur (West Bengal), Kolkata, Jamshedpur (Jharkhand) and Chennai

Cables

Rupnarainpur (West Bengal), Rajpura (Punjab)

Cement

Bhadravati (Karnataka), Churk (UP), Dalmianagar (Bihar), Gwalior, Kymor and Katni (MP), Okha (Gujarat), Sawai Madhopur (Rajasthan), Sahabad (Karnataka), Surajpur (Punjab)

Coir goods

Alleppey and Kalavoor (Kerala)

Cotton textiles

Ahmedabad (Gujarat), Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), Indore (MP), Kanpur (UP), Ludhiana and Amritsar (Punjab), Chennai, Madurai (Tamil Nadu), Nagpur and Sholapur (Maharashtra)

Cycles

Ludhiana

D.D.T.

Alwaya (Kerala) and Delhi

Glass items

(a)           Bangles [Firozabad (UP) and Belgaum (Karnataka)]; (b) Lampware [Kolkata, Naini (UP)]  (c) Thermos flask [Faridabad (Haryana)]; (d) Glass bottles [Amritsar (Punjab)]; (e) Glass lenses [Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh)]; (f) Glass sheets [Bahjoi, Balawali, Ghaziabad, Jaunpur (MP), Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chennai]

Fertilizer

Nangal (Punjab), Sindri (Jharkhand), Gorakhpur (UP), Nahorkatiya (Assam), Neyeli (Tamil Nadu), Rourkela (Orissa), Trombay (Maharashtra)

Hosiery goods

Amritsar, Ludhiana and Kanpur

Jute goods

Kolkata, Gorakhpur and Kanpur

Lac

Jhalda, Kossipore (West Bengal), Mirzapur (UP), Bareilly (UP)

Leather goods

Kanpur, Agra (UP), Batanagar (West Bengal), Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Delhi

Locomotives

Chittaranjan (West Bengal), Varanasi (UP), Jamshedpur (Jharkhand)

Match box

Ahmedabad, Bareilly (UP), Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Srinagar

Paper

Bhadravati (Karnataka), Dalmianagar, Jagadhari (Haryana), Lucknow and Saharanpur (UP), Rajahmundry and Sirpur (Andhra Pradesh), Titagarh (West Bengal), Brajrajnagar (Orissa), Dandeli (Karnataka), Amalai (MP), Ahmedgarh and Malerkotla (Punjab), Nepanagar (Madhya Pradesh). In Nepanagar, newsprint paper is produced

Penicillin

Pimpri (Maharashtra)

Rail Coaches

Perambur (Tamil Nadu), Pune (Maharashtra), Kapurthala

Resin Industry

Bareilly (UP), Nahan (Himachal Pradesh)

Rubber goods

Ambapur (Tamil Nadu), Mumbai, Trivandrum, Bareilly (UP)

Salt

Kutch (Gujarat), Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan)

Sewing machines

Kolkata, Delhi, Ludhiana

Shipbuilding

Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Kochi, Mumbai, Kolkata

Silk

Bangalore, Bhagalpur (Bihar), Srinagar

Sugar

Gorakhpur, Sitapur, Rampur, Moradabad, Bijnor, Saharanpur, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar (UP), Gaya (Bihar), Zira, Jagraon (Punjab)

Sports material

Agra and Meerut (UP), Batalla and Jalandhar (Punjab), Delhi

Tanks

Avadi (Tamil Nadu)

Telephone

Bangalore, Naini and Rai Bareilli (UP)

Watches

Jalahalli (Bangalore), Pinjore (Haryana)

 

Public Sector Industrial Undertakings

Name

Location

Chemical and Pharmaceuticals

1.      Hindustan Organic Chemicals Ltd.

Rasayani (Maharashtra)

2.      Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

(a)   Antibiotics Plant (IDPL) in Rishikesh (Uttaranchal);

(b)   Synthetic Drugs Project in Hyderabad

(c)   Surgical Instruments Plant in Chennai

3.      Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd.

Pimpri (Maharashtra)

4.      Hindustan Insecticides LTD.

Alwaye (Kerala) and Delhi

Fertilizers

1.      Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd.

Sindri (Jharkhand); Trombay (Maharashtra); Gorakhpur (UP); Namrup (Assam); Durgapur (W. Bengal)

2.      Heavy Water Plants

Neyveli (Tamil Nadu); Nahorkatiya (Assam); Rourkela (Orissa); Trombay (Maharashtra)

Machinery and Equipment

1.      Bharat Dynamic Ltd.

Hyderabad

2.      Bharat Electronics Ltd.

Jalahalli (Karnataka); Ghaziabad (UP)

3.      Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.

Ranipur (UP); Ramachandrapuram (AP); Tiruchirapalli (TN); Bhopal (MP)

4.      Bharat Heavy Plant and Vessels Ltd.

Vishakhapatnam (AP)

5.      Central Machine Tools

Banglore

6.      Chittaranjan Locomotive Works

Chittaranjan (WB)

7.      Cochin Shipyard

Kochi

8.      Diesel Locomotive Works

Marwadeeh, Varanasi (UP)

9.      Garden Reach Workshop Ltd.

Kolkata

10.   Heavy Electricals Ltd.

Bangalore

11.   Heavy Electricals (India) Ltd.

Bhopal

12.   Heavy Engineering Corp. Ltd.

Ranchi

13.   Heavy Machine Building Plant

Ranchi

14.   Heavy Vehicles Factory

Avadi (Tamil Nadu)

15.   Hindustan Cables Factory

Rupnarainpur (WB)

16.   Hindustan Machine Tools

Jalahalli (Karnataka) near Bangalore; Pinjore (Haryana); Hyderabad (AP), Kalamassery (Kerala)

17.   Hindustan Shipyard

Visakhapatnam and Kochi

18.   Indian Telephone Industries

Bangalore; Naini (UP); Rai Bareilli (UP); Mankapur (Gonda, UP)

19.   Instrumentation Ltd.

Kota (Rajasthan); Palghat (Kerala)

20.   Integral Coach Factory

Perambur (Tamil Nadu); Kotkapur (Punjab)

21.   Machine Tool Corporation of India

Ajmer (Rajasthan)

22.   Machine Tools Prototype Factory

Ambarnath, Mumbai

23.   Mazagon Docks Ltd.

Mumbai

24.   Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation Ltd.

Durgapur

25.   Nahan Foundry

Sirmur (HP)

26.   National Instruments Factory

Kolkata

27.   Praga Tools Corporation

Hyderabad

28.   Triveni Structural Limited

Naini (HP)

29.   Tungabhadra Steel Products Ltd.

Tungabhadra (Karnataka)

Mining Projects

1.      National Mineral Development Corporation

Hyderabad

2.      Hindustan Zinc Limited

Udaipur (Rajasthan)

3.      Bharat Aluminium Co.  Ltd.

Korba (MP); Ratnagiri (Mah)

4.      Hindustan Copper Ltd.

Agnigudala (AP); Dariba (Rajasthan); Malanjkhand (MP); Rakha (Jharkhand)

5.      Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.

Dhanbad (Jharkhand)

6.      Bharat Gold Mines Ltd.

Kolar (Karnataka)

7.      Coal Mines Authority Ltd.

Kolkata

8.      Neyveli Lignite Corporation

Neyveli (Tamil Nadu)

9.      Zinc Smelter

Zawar (Rajasthan)

Paper

National Newsprint and Paper Mills Ltd.

Nepanagar (MP)

Petroleum

1.      Indian Refineries Ltd.

Barauni (Bihar); Noonmati (Assam)

2.      Cochin Oil Refinery

Kochi (Kerala)

3.      Koyali Oil Refinery

Koyali (Gujarat)

Steel Plants

1.      Hindustan Steel Ltd.

Bhilai (MP)

2.      Hindustan Steel Ltd.

Durgapur (WB)

3.      Hindustan Steel Ltd.

Rourkela (Orissa)

4.      Bokaro Steel Ltd.

Bokaro (Jharkhand)

Others

1.      India Explosives Factory

Gomia in Hazaribagh (Jharkhand)

2.      Hindustan Photo Films Manufacturing Co. Ltd.

Ootacamund (Tamil Nadu)

     

 

Cottage Industries in India

Name of Industry

States and Cities

1.      Sarees and Dhotis

Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Varanasi, Karnataka

2.      Prints

Murshidabad, Farrukhabad, Jaipur, Mumbai, Karnataka

3.      Carpets, rugs

Mirzapur, Bhadohi, Ellora, Kashmir, Jaipur, Bangalore

Silk

1.      Silk Sarees

Bangalore, Kanjivaram, Karnataka

2.      Tassar Silk

Sambalpur, Ahmedabad

3.      Patola Silk

Baroda

Metal and Brass Wares

1.      Brass utensils

Moradabad (with engraving and polishing)

2.      Brass wares/metal wares

Jaipur, Kashmir, Varanasi, Madurai, Tanjore

Ivory Works

Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan

 

Indian Towns Associated with Industries

Town

Industry

Town

Industry

Agra

Shoe and leather goods

Khetri

Copper

Ahmedabad

Cotton textiles

Ludhiana

Hosiery, sewing machines, cycles

Alwaye

Rare Earths Factory

Trombay

Uranium, thorium factory

Ambernath (near Mumbai)

Machine Tools Prototype Factory

Moradabad

Utensils, Calico factory

Bangalore

Cotton textiles, toys, carpets, motors, aircraft, telephone and machine tools

Mysore

Silk

Bareilly

Resin industry, wood work

Neyeli

Lignite

Bhilai

Steel Plant

Perambur

Railway coach factory

Bokaro

Steel plant

Pimpri

Penicillin factory

Mumbai

Cotton textile, film

Pinjore

Machine tools

Kolkata

Jute, Electric bulbs and lamps

Rana Pratap Sagar

Atomic Power Station

Chittaranjan

Locomotives

Raniganj

Coal mining

Delhi

Textile, DDT

Rourkela

Steel, fertilizers

Dhariwal

Woollen goods

Rupnarainpur

Cables

Durgapur

Steel Plant

Sindri

Fertilizers

Firozabad

Glass and bangles

Singhbhum

Copper

Gwalior

Pottery and textiles

Surat

Textiles

Jaipur

Embroidery, pottery, brassware

Tiruchirapalli

Cigars

Jamshedpur

Iron and steel goods

Titagarh

Paper

Jharia

Coal

Trombay

Atomic Power Station

Katni

Cement

Visakhapatnam

Ship building

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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