Maternal Mortality Rate

Date: March 09, 2015

MMR India's low MMR MDG

Maternal Mortality Rate and Indian Scenerio  

Maternal Mortality rate: Meaning

Maternal mortality rate is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births.The maternal mortality ratio represents the risk associated with each pregnancy, i.e. the obstetric risk.


Level of MMR in India

India accounts for the largest number of maternal deaths in the world. India’s Maternal Mortality ratio between 2010 – 2012 was 178 per 1,00,000 live births.

Reasons for High level of Maternal Mortality in India

1-Gaps in implementation of Interventions by the government through health programmes like NHRM

2-Worst sufferers are women belonging to Scheduled castes, Scheduled Tribes, Minority Groups, those living in geographically remote areas and migrants.

3-Inspite of many programmes, there is a great gap in accountability and governance and most of the programmes have been implemented poorly on the ground.

4-Unavailable, delayed, Inappropriate emergency obstetric care.

5-Gaps in antenatal and post partum care

6-delay in emergency transport.

7-Lack of abortion services and Prevalence of anemia.

8-Low Government expenditure on health care is another reason for high level of MMR.

9-Large part of the population has little or no access to quality and affordable health care

10-Socio-demographic factors responsible for higher MMR in India like-

 Early age of marriage among women.

Early age of pregnancy.

High Birth rate

Less spacing between two deliveries.

High rate of malnutrition among women.