PROGRAMMES & POLICIES related to Agriculture Part- I

Date: May 07, 2015

RKVY NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION National Action Plan on Climate Change National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture

  1. NATIONAL MISSION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

Recognizing the challenge of climate change to Indian agriculture, the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), which is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) has been conceptualized. The proposed national mission will focus on four areas crucial to agriculture in adapting to climate change, namely dryland agriculture, risk management, access to information, and use of biotechnology.

Climate Change Risks at Three Levels

  • Crop (Livestock) Level: Productivity and Quality of Produce
  • Farm (Cropping System) Level: Soil quality, Water resources, Pest & Diseases
  • Food System Level: Pricing, Food Security Mission Objectives
  • To devise strategic plans at the agro-climatic zone level so that action plans are contextualized to regional scales in the areas of research and development (R&D), technology and practices, infrastructure and capacity building.
  • To enhance agricultural productivity through customised interventions such as use of bio-technology to develop improved varieties of crops and livestock, promoting efficient irrigation systems, demonstration of appropriate technology, capacity building and skill development.
  • To facilitate access to information and institutional support by expanding Automatic Weather Station networks to the Panchayat level and linking them to existing insurance mechanisms including the

Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme and the National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS), scaling the returns at that level.

  • To promote "laboratory to land" research by creating model villages and model farm units in rain-fed and dryland areas.
  • To strategise long-term interventions for emission reduction from energy and nonenergy uses by way of introduction of suitable crop varieties and farm practices, livestock and manure management.
  • To realise the enormous potential of growth in dryland agriculture through the development of drought and pest resistant crop varieties, adopting resource-conserving technologies, providing institutional support to farmers and capacity building of stakeholders.

 

  1. THE NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM) 

p

 

  • Launched in Rabi 2007-08 with a view to enhancing the production of rice, wheat, and pulses by 10 million tonnes, 8 million tones, and 2 million tonnes respectively
  • The Mission aims to increase production through area expansion and productivity; create employment opportunities; and enhance the farm-level economy to restore confidence of farmers.
  • Besides, a series of activities for more vigorous promotion of pulse crops has been adopted under the NFSM to intensify the pulse production programme from 2010-11. These are:
  1. Merging of the pulse component of the Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM) with the NFSM so as to increase the scope and area coverage of the pulses programme. Jharkhand and Assam have also been included under the programme since there is immense potential for pulse promotion in rice fallows.
  2. Through a new programme under the NFSM called the Accelerated Pulses Production Programme (A3P), 1000 block demonstrations of technology have been launched from 2010-11.
  • Another programme, namely Bringing Green Revolution in the Eastern States is operational in seven states - Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, and Chhattisgarh.
  • The Rice Development and Organizing Pulses and Oilseeds Villages is another programme, beside the pulses promotion strategies and other initiatives undertaken to boost agricultural productivity in these states.

 

  1. THE RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA (RKVY)
  • Launched in 2007-08 with an outlay of Rs. 25,000 crore for the Eleventh Plan to incentivize States to enhance public investment so as to achieve a 4 per cent growth rate in agriculture and allied sectors during the Plan. Specific allocation has been made for the following three new initiatives introduced under the RKVY in 2010-11:
  1. i) Extending the Green Revolution to the eastern region of the country, covering the States of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, eastern UP, and West Bengal.
  2. ii) Special initiatives for pulses and oilseeds in dry-land areas by organizing 60,000 pulse and oilseeds villages in identified watersheds where pulse and oilseed farmers are provided farm machinery and equipment on custom hiring basis.

         iii)   Implementation of the National Mission on Saffron - Economic Revival of Jammu & Kashmir Saffron Sector during 2010-11.

  • The RKVY has linked 50 per cent of Central assistance to the percentage of State Plan expenditure on agriculture and allied sectors.
  • Its convergence with other schemes like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme (MGNREGA) is expected to boost development of the agrarian economy.

 


;