PROGRAMMES & POLICIES related to Agriculture Part- II

Date: May 08, 2015

ISOPOM NABARD

  1. THE INTEGRATED SCHEME OF OILSEEDS, PULSES, OIL PALM AND MAIZE (ISOPOM)
  • The ISOPOM is being implemented in 14 major States for oilseeds and pulses, 15 for maize, and 10 for oil palm.
  • The pulses component has been merged with the NFSM with effect from 1 April 2010.
  1. THE NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION (NHM)

 

p

  • The Ministry of Agriculture has been implementing the centrally sponsored NHM for the holistic development of the horticulture sector since 2005-06, duly ensuring forward and backward linkages, and with the active participation of all the stakeholders.
  • All the States and the three Union Territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry are covered under the Mission except the eight northeastern States including Sikkim and the States of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand.
  • The latter are covered under the Horticulture Mission for the North East and Himalayan States (HMNEH).
  1. NATIONAL MISSION ON MICRO IRRIGATION
  • The Centrally sponsored National Mission on Micro Irrigation (NMMI) was launched in June 2010 in addition to the earlier Micro Irrigation Scheme launched in January 2006.
  • The scheme provides assistance at 60 per cent of the system cost for small and marginal farmers and at 50 per cent for general farmers.
  1. NATIONAL BAMBOO MISSION (NBM)
  • With a view to harnessing the potential of the bamboo crop in the country, the Ministry of Agriculture has been implementing the centrally sponsored NBM in 27 States.
  • The Mission aims to promote holistic growth of the bamboo sector by adopting an area based, regionally differentiated strategy and to increase the area under bamboo cultivation and marketing.
  1. LIVESTOCK INSURANCE
  • A Centrally sponsored scheme of livestock insurance is being implemented in all the States with twin objectives: providing protection mechanism to the farmers and cattle rearers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death; and demonstrating the benefits of insuring livestock to the people.
  1. REVISED MACRO MANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE
  • In the year 2008-09, Macro Management of Agriculture Scheme was revised to improve its efficacy in supplementing/ complementing the efforts of the States towards enhancement of agricultural production and productivity.
  • The Revised MMA scheme comprises 11 sub schemes relating to crop production and natural resource management.

Some of the salient features of the Revised Macro Management of Agriculture Scheme are as follow:

  • The Practice of allocating funds to States/ UTs on historical basis has been replaced by a new allocation criteria based on gross cropped area and area under small and marginal holdings. The revised MMA Scheme has formula-based allocation criteria and provides assistance in the form of grants to the States/UTs on 90:10 basis except in case of the north-eastern States and Union Territories where the Central share is 100 per cent.
  • Subsidy structure has been rationalized to make the pattern of subsidy uniform under all the schemes implemented by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. Revised subsidy norms indicate maximum permissible limit of assistance. States may either retain the existing norms, or increase them to a reasonable level provided that the norms do not exceed the revised upper limits specified.
  • Two new components have been added namely. (a) Pulses and oilseeds crop production programmes for the areas not covered under the Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM) and (b) "Reclamation of Acidic Soil" along with the existing component of "Reclamation of Alkali Soil."
  • Permissible ceiling for new initiatives has been increased from existing 10 per cent to 20 per cent of the allocation.
  • At least 33 per cent of the funds have to be remarked for small, marginal and women farmers.
  • Active participation of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) of all tiers would have to be ensured in the implementation of the Revised MMA scheme including review, monitoring and evaluation at district/ subdistrict level.
  1. REVAMPING OF COOPERATIVE CREDIT STRUCTURE
  • In January 2006, the Government announced a package for revival of the Short-term Rural Cooperative Credit Structure on the recommendation of the Vaidyanathan Committee.
  • The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has been designated the implementing agency for the purpose.
  1. REHABILITATION PACKAGE FOR DISTRESSED FARMERS
  • The Government is implementing a rehabilitation package for 31 suicide-prone districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Maharashtra.
  • Special packages are being implemented in Kerala for the development of Kuttanad wetland ecosystem and mitigation of agrarian distress in Idukki district.

;