Jawahar Lal Nehru

Date: December 19, 2014



Recently Government of India has decided to celebrate 125th Birth anniversary of India’s first Prime Minister – Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

He was the first Prime Minister of India. Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was the initiator of Non Alignment policy in foreign affairs.

Contributions to Pre – Independence India

Jawaharlal Nehru took active part in the Non-Cooperation Movement; elected President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924, and served for two years as the city’s chief executive;

Presided over Congress’ annual session in Lahore in 1929 and passed a resolution demanding India’s independence; elected as Congress President in 1936, 1937 and 1946; was one of the main architects of Non Aligned Movement. Nehru played a key role in Home Rule League movement, Non – cooperation, Civil disobedience, Quit India Movement and so on.

Contributions to the Post – Independence India

Jawaharlal Nehru is widely regarded as the architect of modern India. He set India on the path of democracy and nurtured its institution – Parliament, multi-party system, independent judiciary and free press. He also encouraged Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI).

Through out his life, Nehru advocated Fabian Socialism and a strong Public sector as the means by which economic development could be pursued by poorer nations.

With Nehru’s vision India emerged as a leader nation with the policy of non alignment and the principle of Panchsheel, the five principles of peaceful coexistence at a time when the rivalries of cold-war were playing with humanity.

Pandit Nehru was very fond of children and they affectionately called him Chacha Nehru. His birthday is observed as Children’s Day. He believed that children are the future of the nation.

We are giving a brief history about Nehru’s contributions to pre and post Independence india. For more details, read from your modern history text book. [ Bipin Chandra / Spectrum]