Kamgata maru case; Gadar movement

Date: December 19, 2014

KOMAGATA MARU INCIDENT [ 100TH ANNIVERSARY] AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN INDIA’S STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Introduction to Komagata Maru Incident

The SS. Komagata Maru was a ship that travelled from Hong Kong to Vancouver in 1914, carrying economic migrants who did not like their living conditions back in India.

A ship named – Komagata Maru – carried 376 Indians [ 12 Hindus, 24 Muslims and 340 Sikhs] to Vancouver, canada.  The Komagata Maru incident was an incident in which the Canadian government denied their entrance to enter Vancouver.

Why they traveled to Canada

Canada was liberal at that time compared to other colonial power. It was a resource rich nation but lacked sufficient manpower. So these factors attracted many youths from many Asian countries [mainly  China, Japan & India] to Canada.

How Komataga Maru traveled to Vancouver?

Komagata Maru sailed from Hong Kong, Shanghai, China toYokohama, Japan and then to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada,

Asian Exclusion act

Canada passed an act called – Asian Exclusion act’ – to prevent the entry of persons of Asian origin  to canada. [ because more number of Asian people reached Canada for livelihood purposes]

What happened to Komagata Maru journey ?

In canada – Canadian authorities did not allow Indians into Vancouver. Even Indians stayed in Ship itself and waited for two months. Still Canadian authorities didnt show any sympathy. Then they forcibly sent back the ship to India.

In India – Ghadar movement was going on at that time. Ghadar party was started in Canada with the purpose of overthrowing British rule from India. So British suspected that Komagata Maru ship was carrying many revolutionaries of Ghadar movement. So British asked to dock the ship at BUDGE BUDGE. British Indian army started searching for revolutionaries. In the fight, nearly 19 people died. It became famously known as “Budge Budge” Incident.

Significance of Komagata Maru incident.

Ghadar party used Komagata Maru incident as an opportunity to recruit more members for the Ghadar Movement.

It exposed the oppressive nature of British rule in India.

In 1951, the government of the new Republic of India erected its first monument at Budge Budge to commemorate the massacre there.

Why recently in news

Recently Government of India has decided to celebrate 100th anniversary of Komagata Maru incident.


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