Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai
Date: January 30, 2015
Lala ji INC unhappy India
On 28 January 2015, nation remembers national martyr of freedom movement, Lala Lajpat Rai on his 150th birth anniversary.
About Lala ji-
He was born in Jagaron town (Ludhiana) on 28th January 1865. His parents were Munshi Radha Krishna Azad and Gulab Devi. His initial education was in Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari where his father was a Urdu teacher. He was influenced with Hinduism and while studying law in Lahore. He completed his graduation from National College.
In the year 1877 he was married to Radha Devi and had three children two sons, Amrit Rai, Pyare Lal and one daughter Parvati. He was also among the three most well-known Hindu Nationalist members of the Indian National Congress.He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari meaning The Lion of Punjab also known as Sher-E- Punjab in Punjabi for his contribution to the freedom movement.
Contributions of Lala Ji-
1-In 1888 and 1889 Lala Lajpat Rai was a delegate to the annual sessions of Indian National Congress (INC) and was elected as its President in the Calcutta Special Session of 1920.
2-He was a part of Trio – Lal-Bal-Pal; Bal (Bal Gangadhar Tilak), Pal (Bipib Chandra Pal). Lalaji had actively fought against the British for the partition of Bengal. He was the person who along with the other members participated in the vigorous campaign of Swadeshi.
3-He was also associated with the foundation of Punjab National Bank in 1895 and later Lakshmi Insurance Company.
4-He also had helped to establish the nationalistic Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School and became a follower of Dayanand Saraswati (founder of the Arya Samaj).
5-Lala Lajpat Rai was a devotee of Arya Samaj and was editor of Arya Gazette which he set up during his student time.
6-In 1921, he had founded Servants of the People Society, a non-profit welfare organisation, in Lahore, which shifted based to Delhi after partition, and has branches in many parts of India.
7-Lala Lajpat Rai had also guided the Punjab protests which was against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre and the Non cooperation Movement. He was been arrested several time by the Britishers. He disagreed with the Gandhiji’s suspension of Non cooperation movement and formed the Congress Independence Party which has a pro hindu slant.
8-In 1929, during the Simon commission there were no Indian members which led to anger among Indians. When the commission was introduced in India there were protest all over India in which the mass showed their anger regarding the Simon commission and no Indian involvement in it. In this protest Lalal Lajpat Rai himself led one such procession at Punjab.
His books: As an author he had written many books which includes The Story of My Deportation (1908), Arya Samaj (1915), The United States of America: A Hindu’s Impression (1916), Unhappy India (1928) etc.
He died on 17 November 1928 after sustaining serious injuries in lathi charge carried by the police when he leading a non-violent protest against the Simon Commission.