Title : INDIA'S FIRST PRIVATELY BUILT CRYOGENIC ENGINE
Date : Dec 07, 2021
Topic à Scientific Interventions related issues
- The upper stage of Skyroot Aerospace's Vikram-2 launch vehicle was demonstrated.
- The cryogenic rocket engine is 3D printed and manufactured entirely in India.
- It was named after Satish Dhawan, the third chief of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He was a pioneer in India's development of improved launch capability.
- About the Vikram's Rocket:
- Vikram Rocket is named after Indian space pioneer Vikram Sarabhai, who launched the country's ambitious space programme.
- He was also involved in cutting-edge nuclear research.
- The rocket is powered by a mixture of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), which is more than 90% methane. Liquid Natural Gas and Liquid Oxygen are used together.
- It is known as "Methalox" in its combined form, which forms a cryogenic rocket fuel.
- The combination gives high performance while remaining low-cost. The fuel is safe for the environment.
- As a result, Skyroot Aerospace engineers have called this fuel "Fuel of the Future."
- About the Dhawan-1 Engine:
- The vacuum thrust of the Dhawan-1 engine is approximately 1.5kN.
- At Solar Industries in Nagpur, the engine was put to the test on a specially built testbed.
- The engine is part of the Vikram-2 launch vehicle's upper stage.
- It makes use of LNG and LOX, two environmentally favourable fuels.
- It's completely 3D printed. Satish Dhawan's name has been given to the engine.
- About the Satellite Pixxel 1:
- In 2022, the Pixxel 1 satellite will be launched.
- It will be the first private satellite in a low-Earth-orbit Earth-observation constellation.
- Source à The Hindu à 06/12/21 à Page Number 8
Tags : satish dhawan, Pixxel 1