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Current Affairs

Title : The Quad Grouping

Date : Nov 10, 2021

Description :

Topic:  International Relations

· Why in News:

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said on Sunday while stating that unexpected Paradigm shifts affects countries globally that the Quadrilateral grouping has been constituted keeping these things in mind.

· About QUAD:

  • The quadrilateral security dialogue includes Japan, India, United States and Australia.
  • In March 2020, the Quad members held a meeting with representatives from New Zealand, South Korea and Vietnam to discuss their respective approaches to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Instigated by the US, this new grouping of key Indo-Pacific states was called “Quad Plus”.
  • The quadrilateral security dialogue includes Japan, India, United States and Australia.All four nations find a common ground of being the democratic nations and common interests of unhindered maritime trade and security.

· Genesis of QUAD:

  • The grouping traces its genesis to 2004 when the four countries came together to coordinate relief operations in the aftermath of the tsunami.
  • It then met for the first time in 2007 on the sidelines of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit.
  • The intention was to enhance maritime cooperation between the four nations.

· Recent developments and QUAD:

  • Today the enemy no longer needs to enter the border. He can also target our security apparatus from outside the border. 
  • Alignment and re-alignment of global powers have added to the already changing security challenges.
  • The changing equations in Afghanistan are a recent and important example of this. These circumstances have forced every country to think on its strategy today.
  • The stand-off along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China in Eastern Ladakh
  • A positive agenda built around collective action in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, monitoring shipping for search and rescue or anti-piracy operations, infrastructure assistance to climatically vulnerable states, connectivity initiatives and similar activities.
  • Quad has been constituted keeping these things in mind.

· Significance of the grouping:

  • Quad is an opportunity for like-minded countries to share notes and collaborate on projects of mutual interest.
  • Members share a vision of an open and free Indo-Pacific. Each is involved in development and economic projects as well as in promoting maritime domain awareness and maritime security.
  • It is one of the many avenues for interaction among India, Australia, Japan and the US and should not be seen in an exclusive context.
  • The Quad is a plurilateral mechanism between countries that share interest on specific matters.

· Prelims Hot-Link:

  • What is Quad?
  • Idea behind its genesis
  • Objectives of Quad


Tags : The Quad Grouping

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