Title : The Quad Grouping
Date : Nov 10, 2021
Topic: International Relations
· Why in News:
- Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said on Sunday while stating that unexpected Paradigm shifts affects countries globally that the Quadrilateral grouping has been constituted keeping these things in mind.
· About QUAD:
- The quadrilateral security dialogue includes Japan, India, United States and Australia.
- In March 2020, the Quad members held a meeting with representatives from New Zealand, South Korea and Vietnam to discuss their respective approaches to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Instigated by the US, this new grouping of key Indo-Pacific states was called “Quad Plus”.
- The quadrilateral security dialogue includes Japan, India, United States and Australia.All four nations find a common ground of being the democratic nations and common interests of unhindered maritime trade and security.
· Genesis of QUAD:
- The grouping traces its genesis to 2004 when the four countries came together to coordinate relief operations in the aftermath of the tsunami.
- It then met for the first time in 2007 on the sidelines of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit.
- The intention was to enhance maritime cooperation between the four nations.
· Recent developments and QUAD:
- Today the enemy no longer needs to enter the border. He can also target our security apparatus from outside the border.
- Alignment and re-alignment of global powers have added to the already changing security challenges.
- The changing equations in Afghanistan are a recent and important example of this. These circumstances have forced every country to think on its strategy today.
- The stand-off along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China in Eastern Ladakh
- A positive agenda built around collective action in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, monitoring shipping for search and rescue or anti-piracy operations, infrastructure assistance to climatically vulnerable states, connectivity initiatives and similar activities.
- Quad has been constituted keeping these things in mind.
· Significance of the grouping:
- Quad is an opportunity for like-minded countries to share notes and collaborate on projects of mutual interest.
- Members share a vision of an open and free Indo-Pacific. Each is involved in development and economic projects as well as in promoting maritime domain awareness and maritime security.
- It is one of the many avenues for interaction among India, Australia, Japan and the US and should not be seen in an exclusive context.
- The Quad is a plurilateral mechanism between countries that share interest on specific matters.
· Prelims Hot-Link:
- What is Quad?
- Idea behind its genesis
- Objectives of Quad
Tags : The Quad Grouping