Prepare IAS Coaching
Title : Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR
Date : Dec 08, 2021
Topic à Modern Indian History
- Babasaheb was born in the year Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Central Province, in the year 1891. (now Madhya Pradesh).
- He was India's first Law Minister and is renowned as the Father of the Indian Constitution.
- He was the Chairman of the new Constitution's Drafting Committee.
- He was a well-known leader who advocated for Dalit and other socially backward classes' rights.
- In March 1927, he led the Mahad Satyagraha against Hindus who were protesting the Municipal Board's decision.
- Mahad (Maharashtra) Municipal Board issued an order in 1926 to open the tank to all communities. Previously, the untouchables were not permitted to drink from the Mahad tank.
- All three Round Table Conferences were attended by him.
- Dr. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi signed the Poona Pact in 1932, abandoning the idea of separate electorates for the poor (Communal Award).
- However, in provincial legislatures, seats earmarked for the poor were expanded from 71 to 147, and in the Central Legislature, they made up 18% of the total.
- The Reserve Bank of India was founded on his suggestions presented before the Hilton Young Commission (RBI).
- Election and Appointment: He was elected as a representative to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1936. (MLA).
- In 1942, he was elected as a Labour member to Viceroy's Executive Council.
- In 1947, Dr. Ambedkar accepted Prime Minister Nehru's invitation to join the first Cabinet of independent India as Minister of Law.
- In 1951, he resigned from the cabinet due to disagreements over the Hindu Code Bill.
- He became a Buddhist convert. On the 6th of December 1956, he died (Mahaparinirvan Diwas).
- B R Ambedkar's memorial, Chaitya Bhoomi, is located in Mumbai.
- In 1990, he received the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
- Important works include:
- Mooknayak, Mooknayak, Mooknayak, Mooknayak (1920)
- Bharat in Bahishkrit (1927)
- Janata Samatha (1929) (1930)
- Caste annihilation
- Karl Marx or Buddha?
- Who are the Untouchables and Why Did They Become Untouchables?
- Buddha and the Buddha's Dhamma
- Hindu Women's Organizations' Rise and Fall: Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha (1923)
- Labor Party (Independent) (1936)
- Federation of Scheduled Castes (1942)
- Ambedkar's Importance in Today's World:
- In India, caste-based inequality still exists. While Dalits have developed a political identity as a result of reservation and the formation of their own political parties, they continue to lag behind in social (health and education) and economic elements.
- There has been an increase in communal polarisation and politicisation. To avert irreversible damage to the Indian Constitution, Ambedkar's notion of constitutional morality must take precedence over religious morality.
- Source à The Hindu à 07/12/21 à Page Number 2
Tags : Drafting Committee, backward classes