Topic: Government Schemes:
· Why in News:
· According to its financial statements, the financial corpus Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has been depleted in the current financial year.
· This means that payments under MGNREGA will be delayed, unless governments use additional money to support the MGNREGA coffers.
· About MGNREGA:
· The program was launched in 2005 as a social initiative that guarantees the “right to work”.
· A key point of this social and labour law is that local/state government will have to formally provide at least 100 days of wages in rural India to improve their quality of life.
· Key objectives:
· Generation of paid rural employment of not less than 100 days for each volunteer worker with unskilled work.
· Continuing to ensure community inclusion by strengthening the livelihood of the rural poor.
· Construction of durable infrastructure in rural areas such as springs, lakes, roads and canals.
· Reduce urban migration from rural areas.
· Building rural infrastructure through underutilized domestic workers.
· The following are eligible ways to receive benefits under the MGNREGA program:
· You must be a citizen of India to claim the benefits of MGNREGA.
· A job applicant has completed 18 years of age.
· The applicant must be part of a local family of that village (i.e. the application must be made through a local Gram Panchayat).
· Applicants must volunteer for unskilled jobs.
· Program implementation:
· Within 15 days of submitting the application or from the date on which the job is sought, salary work will be provided to the applicant.
· There is a right to receive an unemployment benefit grant, in the event that the work is not granted within 15 days of submission of the application or from the date of application.
· The Social Audit of MGNREGA works is mandatory to enhance their accountability and transparency.
· Prelims Link:
· Under MGNREGA, what are the roles of Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayat, States, State Food Commission, Center?
· What is payroll?
· Who does social research?