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Title : BIRD FLU
Date : Dec 11, 2021
Topic à Health related issues
- In Kerala's Kuttanad region, new cases of avian flu have been identified. Bird culling squads have been constituted in the affected areas.
- The H5N1 influenza virus has been detected in samples.
- What exactly is avian flu:
- Avian influenza is another name for bird flu.
- It's a sickness caused by avian influenza Type A viruses, which can be found in wild birds all over the world.
- Symptoms of influenza-like sickness have ranged from mild to severe.
- current events
- Hemagglutinin (HA) and Neuraminidase, two proteins found on the surfaces of avian influenza type A viruses, are used to classify them (NA).
- There are approximately 18 HA and 11 NA subtypes.
- H5N1, H7N2, H9N6, H17N10, and other combinations of these two proteins are feasible.
- Human infections with avian and swine influenza have been reported.
- The infection is fatal, with a fatality rate of approximately 60%.
- Direct touch is the most typical way for viruses to spread. If they come into touch with polluted surfaces or air near infected chickens, they may become infected as well.
- Is it possible for the virus to spread to humans:
- There have been no reported cases of H5N8 in humans.
- The risk to the general public is quite low.
- There is also no evidence that the virus may be transmitted to humans through the intake of poultry meat or eggs.
- During control and containment efforts, however, adequate care must be taken when handling sick/dead birds and contaminated material.
- Eating properly prepared poultry items is deemed safe.
- Control measures include:
- When an infection is found in animals, culling is frequently done to control it.
- Aside from culling, proper disposal of all culled animals and animal products is critical.
- Authorities must also severely enforce cleanup of infected buildings and place contaminated vehicles and persons under quarantine.
- Source à The Hindu à 10/12/21 à Page Number 5
Tags : H5N8, influenza Type A viruses