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Current Affairs


Date : Dec 11, 2021

Description :



Topic à Environmental Conservation related issues


  • NGT's Background:


  • The National Green Tribunal was established on October 18, 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.
  • Established for the effective and timely resolution of matters involving environmental protection and forest and other natural resource conservation.
  • The Tribunal's Principal Place of Sitting will be New Delhi, and the other four places of sitting would be Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata, and Chennai.
  • The Tribunal is not limited by the procedure set down in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but is instead influenced by natural justice principles.
  • The NGT is required to issue a final decision on petitions or appeals within six months of their submission.
  • India became the third country in the world, after Australia and New Zealand, to establish a specialised environmental tribunal, and the first developing country to do so with the founding of the NGT.


  • Composition:


  • The act provides for up to 40 members to be sanctioned (20 expert members and 20 judicial members).


  • Chairman: Is the tribunal's administrative head, as well as a judicial member, and must be a serving or retired Chief Justice of a High Court or a Supreme Court of India judge.


  • Appointment:


  • A screening committee (led by a sitting judge of the Supreme Court of India) analyses applications and conducts interviews to choose members.
  • Applicants who are serving or retired judges of High Courts are chosen as judicial members.
  • Expert members are chosen from among applicants who are either serving or retired bureaucrats with a minimum of five years of administrative experience dealing with environmental issues and who are not below the rank of Additional Secretary to the Government of India (not below the rank of Principal Secretary if serving under a state government). Alternatively, the experts must hold a doctorate in a related discipline.
  • Source à The Hindu à 10/12/21 à Page Number 4

Tags : NGT, judges of High Courts

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