• Why in News:

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    Title : Saline Gargle RT-PCR Technology:

    Date : Nov 10, 2021

    Description :

    Prelims Specific Topic

    • Why in News:
    • Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) had recently transferred the know-how of indigenously developed Saline Gargle RT-PCR technique to the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) for commercialising it
    • NEERI is an institute under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).


    • What is it:
    • It is simple, fast, cost-effective, patient-friendly and comfortable.
    • It also provides instant test results and is well-suited for rural and tribal areas, given minimal infrastructure requirements.


    • How it works:
    • Saline Gargle RT-PCR method uses a simple collection tube filled with saline solution.  
    • The patient has to gargle the solution and rinse it in the tube
    • The sample is taken to the laboratory where it is kept at room temperature for about 30 minutes in a special buffer solution prepared by NEERI.
    • An RNA template is produced when this solution is heated and then processed for RT-PCR.


    · Source : The Indian Express

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