Title : The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Date : Dec 17, 2021
GS – III
Topic à Environmental Conservation related issues
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was enacted in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, marking the start of the international community's first organised attempt to address climate change.
- The UNFCCC, commonly known as the Rio Convention, established a framework for action to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the earth's atmosphere.
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) went into effect in 1994.
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, also known as the Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, or the Rio Conference, was signed in 1992 during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, or the Rio Conference.
- The UNFCCC went into effect on March 21, 1994, and 197 nations have ratified it.
- In 1988, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to assess the magnitude and timing of changes, estimate their impacts, present response strategies, and provide an authoritative source of up-to-date interdisciplinary knowledge on climate change.
- The ultimate goal of the Convention is "to achieve, stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would preclude severe anthropogenic interference with the climate system," according to Article 2.
- This objective is qualified in that it “should be achieved within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner”.
- Source à The Hindu à 15/12/21 à Page Number 8
Tags : World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Environment Programme