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Current Affairs


Date : Dec 18, 2021

Description :



Topic à Election related issues


  • Reforms in the election system are required because:


  • Criminalization of politics: 40% of LS MPs and 23% of RS MPs have a criminal record.
  • Election outcomes are still influenced by money and brute force.
  • In the 16th LS elections, just 66 percent of eligible voters cast ballots. As a result, there is a pressing need to improve voter participation.
  • In the 16th LS, women make up only 11.3 percent of the population.
  • The EC's role should be expanded, and new powers should be granted. Appointments to the EC should be made in a more transparent manner.
  • Political fundraising is a highly opaque and corrupt environment.
  • Voter victimisation - via booth and constituency profiling.


  • What changes are required:


  • Set a limit on how much money political parties can spend, similar to the limit on how much money candidates can spend.
  • Consider public funding of political parties (rather than elections), with an independent audit and a complete prohibition on private donations.
  • Internal democracy and transparency in the workings of political parties should be enforced. Bring them under the RTI's jurisdiction.
  • Create an independent national election fund to receive all tax-free donations. It could be run by the ECI or any other non-governmental organisation.
  • Accept the ECI's proposal to provide it legal authority to annul elections if credible evidence of money laundering is discovered.
  • Persons accused of serious crimes who are facing criminal charges should be barred from running for office.
  • Enable the ECI to de-register political parties that have not contested an election in ten years but have received tax breaks.
  • Declare paid news a "corrupt activity" (Section 100 RP Act) and "undue influence" (Section 123(2)) electoral offence punishable by two years in prison.


  • The Election Commission of India (ECI) has made the following recommendations:


  • Election commissioners, like chief election commissioners, should be guaranteed tenure security.
  • The ECI should have the same contempt powers as the Indian courts. The institution's dignity is harmed by frequent disdain.
  • The funding of political parties should be open and transparent.
  • Under the Representation of People Act 1951, ECI should be given the authority to create rules.
  • The ECI should have the authority to audit political party accounts.
  • Elections for the legislative assembly and parliament should be held at the same time.
  • If a candidate is facing criminal charges, he should be barred from running for office.
  • Make paying for news a crime.
  • Allowing a single candidate to run in multiple constituencies is prohibited.


  • Source à The Hindu à 16/12/21 à Page Number 8

Tags : paid news, national political parties

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