Best IAS/PCS Coaching in Lucknow

Current Affairs

Prepare IAS Coaching

Current Affairs


Date : Dec 18, 2021

Description :



Topic à Government Policies & Interventions


  • Background:


  • The Freedom to Religion Bill, 2020 has been approved as an Ordinance by the MP Cabinet.
  • Similar legislation have previously been approved in Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.


  • What do they have in common:


  • The declaration of such marriages as "null and void" and the criminalization of conversions performed without the state's prior sanction are similar features of all three statutes.


  • Differences:


  • They differ in terms of the severity of the punishment and who bears the responsibility of proving that a conversion is legal.
  • Previous notice: For a conversion to be valid, the MP Law needs a 60-day prior "statement of the intention to convert" to the District Magistrate, after which a couple of different religions can be legally married.
  • The Uttar Pradesh Prohibition of Unlawful Conversion of Religious Ordinance, 2020, demands a 60-day notice as well as a police investigation to determine the true intention behind the conversion.
  • The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2019, which took effect last week, mandates a 30-day "declaration of intention to convert" prior to conversion.


  • Who can look into it:


  • The MP Law:
  • According to Section 4 of the MP Law, a police officer cannot conduct an investigation unless the person converted or the person's parents/siblings file a formal complaint. Under the legislation, no police official below the rank of sub-inspector can investigate a crime.


  • According to Himachal law:
  • No prosecution can begin without the approval of a sub-divisional magistrate or a higher-ranking officer.


  • The UP law:
  • Allows the same people to submit a complaint as the MP statute.
  • The burden of proof is on the plaintiff.


  • The burden of proof for showing that the conversion was done without compulsion or illegality is placed on the person who was converted under the MP Law.


  • A comparable clause exists in Himachal legislation.


  • The UP law goes much farther, shifting the burden of proof from the individual to those who "caused" or "facilitated" the conversion.


  • Source à The Hindu à 16/12/21 à Page Number 4

Tags : UP, Himanchal Pradesh

Subscribe Daily newsletter