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Current Affairs


Date : Jan 01, 2022

Description :



Topic à Election related issues


  • About the ECI:


  • The ECI was founded with only one election commissioner, but after the Election Commissioner Amendment Act of 1989, it was expanded to a multi-member body.
  • The Election Commission will be made up of the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and as many other election commissioners as the President deems necessary.
  • It is currently made up of the CEC and two Election Commissioners.
  • The Chief Electoral Officer, who is an IAS rank officer, assists the electoral commission at the state level.


  • Commissioners' Appointment and Tenure:


  • CEC and Election Commissioners are appointed by the President.
  • They have a fixed term of six years, or until they reach the age of 65, whichever comes first.
  • They have the same status as judges of India's Supreme Court (SC) and get the same salaries and benefits.


  • Removal:


  • They have the option to resign at any moment or be removed before the end of their term.
  • The CEC can only be removed from office through a procedure identical to that used to remove a Supreme Court judge by Parliament.


  • Removal Procedure:


  • High Court judges, the SC, the CEC, and the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) can all be removed from office by a resolution passed by Parliament based on "proven misbehaviour or incapacity."
  • A special majority of 2/3rds of the members present and voting supported by more than 50% of the overall strength of the house is required for removal.
  • The term "impeachment" is not used in the Constitution to describe the process of removing judges, CAGs, and CECs.
  • The term "Impeachment" is only used to remove the President, and it requires a special majority of 2/3rds of the total strength of both houses.


  • Source à The Hindu à 31/12/21 à Page Number 1

Tags : election, election commission

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