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Current Affairs

Title : Irrawaddy Dolphin

Date : Nov 11, 2021

Description :



Topic à Conservation related issues:


  • Why in News:
  • Recently, Irrawaddy dolphin have been found dead in Chilika Lake. 
  • This is the 8th dolphin death in Odisha in 8 months.


  • About Irrawaddy Dolphins:


  • Irrawaddy dolphins fall under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and mentioned in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Endangered Species.
  • Found in coastal areas in South and Southeast Asia, and in three rivers: the Irrawaddy (Myanmar), the Mahakam (Indonesian Borneo) and the Mekong (China).
  • The concentrated lagoon populations are found in Chilika Lake in Odisha, and Songkhla Lake in southern Thailand.


  • About Chilika Lake:
  • Chilika is Asia’s largest and world’s second largest lagoon.
  • It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent and is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.
  • In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
  • Major attraction at Chilika is Irrawaddy dolphins which are often spotted off Satpada Island.
  • The large Nalabana Island (Forest of Reeds) covering about 16 sq km in the lagoon area was declared a bird sanctuary in 1987.
  • Kalijai Temple – Located on an island in the Chilika Lake.


  • Prelims Hot-Link:
  • About the habitats and IUCN status of Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • Their global distribution.
  • About Chilika lake.


  • Source – Down to Earth

Tags : Irrawaddy dolphins

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