Prepare IAS Coaching
Title : Irrawaddy Dolphin
Date : Nov 11, 2021
Topic à Conservation related issues:
- Recently, Irrawaddy dolphin have been found dead in Chilika Lake.
- This is the 8th dolphin death in Odisha in 8 months.
- About Irrawaddy Dolphins:
- Irrawaddy dolphins fall under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and mentioned in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Endangered Species.
- Found in coastal areas in South and Southeast Asia, and in three rivers: the Irrawaddy (Myanmar), the Mahakam (Indonesian Borneo) and the Mekong (China).
- The concentrated lagoon populations are found in Chilika Lake in Odisha, and Songkhla Lake in southern Thailand.
- Chilika is Asia’s largest and world’s second largest lagoon.
- It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent and is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.
- In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
- Major attraction at Chilika is Irrawaddy dolphins which are often spotted off Satpada Island.
- The large Nalabana Island (Forest of Reeds) covering about 16 sq km in the lagoon area was declared a bird sanctuary in 1987.
- Kalijai Temple – Located on an island in the Chilika Lake.
- About the habitats and IUCN status of Irrawaddy dolphins.
- Their global distribution.
- About Chilika lake.
Tags : Irrawaddy dolphins