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Current Affairs


Date : Feb 19, 2022

Description :
  • About the Greater One-Horned Rhino:


  • The Greater One-Horned Rhino is one of five Rhino species.


  • The other four are as follows:


  • The black rhinoceros is the smaller of the two African rhino species.
  • White Rhino: Using the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure, researchers have generated an embryo of a northern white rhino.
  • The IUCN Red List classifies the Javan Rhino as critically endangered.
  • In Malaysia, the Sumatran Rhinoceros has recently become extinct.
  • Greater one-horned (Rhinoceros unicornis), Javan, and Sumatran rhinos are the three species found in Asia.
  • In India, only the Great One-Horned Rhino may be found.
  • It is the largest rhino species and is also known as the Indian rhino.
  • A single black horn and a grey-brown hide with skin creases distinguish it.


  • Habitat:


  • They mostly graze, and their diet consists nearly completely of grasses, as well as leaves, shrub and tree branches, fruit, and aquatic plants.
  • Small habitats in the Indo-Nepal terai, northern West Bengal, and Assam are home to the species.
  • Rhinos are mostly found in Assam, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh in India.
  • Pabitora Wildlife Reserve, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, Kaziranga National Park, and Manas National Park in Assam are home to an estimated 2,640 rhinos.
  • The Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve has about 2,400 of them (KNPTR)


  • Status of Protection:


  • Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  • CITES Appendix I: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research).
  • Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.


  • Source à The Hindu

Tags : CITES, Wildlife Protection Act of 1972

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