Prepare IAS Coaching
Title : The appointment of speaker and deputy speaker
Date : Nov 16, 2021
Topic à Union Parliament:
- How are speakers and deputy speakers selected:
- Article 93 of Lok Sabha and Article 178 of the State Assemblies states that these Houses will elect their two members to be the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker.
- In Lok Sabha and in the legislatures, the President / Governor sets the date for the election of the Speaker, and the Speaker decides the date of the election of the Deputy Speaker.
- Is it mandatory under the Constitution to have a Deputy Speaker:
- Constitutional experts point out that both Articles 93 and 178 use the words “shall” and “as soon as be” - indicating that the election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker is not only compulsory, but urgent.
- Their roles and responsibilities:
- The Speaker is "the chief spokesperson of the House, representing its united voice and its only representative outside the house".
- The Speaker presides over the proceedings of the House and the joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament.
- It is the Speaker's decision that decides whether the Bill is a Finance Bill.
- Usually the Speaker comes from the ruling party.
- In the case of Lok Sabha Deputy Speaker, the position has been different over the years.
- The Constitution has sought to ensure the independence of the Speaker by charging his salary on India's consolidated fund and the same is not voted on by Parliament.
- During a general debate on the bill, members of parliament should refer only to the Speaker while speaking.
- Once elected, the Deputy Speaker usually holds office until the end of the House.
- Under Article 94 (Section 179 of the legislature), the Speaker or Deputy Speaker shall "resign if he or she ceases to be a member of the House of Representatives".
- They may resign (each other), or "may be removed from office by a resolution of the House of Representatives passed by a majority of all members of the House at the time".
- Powers of Deputy Speaker:
- The Deputy Speaker has the same powers as the Speaker when presiding over the sitting of the House.
- All references to the Speaker in the Rules are regarded as indications by the Deputy Speaker in charge.
- States that have set a deadline to hold elections:
- The Constitution does not set a time limit and does not specify the procedure for this election.
- It is up to the legislature to decide how the election will be conducted.
- For example, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh specify the length of time.
- The election of the Speaker must take place as soon as possible after the election.
- A Deputy Speaker will be elected within seven days.
- The rules also stipulate that if a vacancy at these offices occurs after that, elections must be held within seven days of the next session of the legislature.
- There is a 15-day deadline for the election of the Speaker.
- In the case of the Deputy Speaker, the date of the first election must be determined by the Speaker, with 30 days to fill the remaining vacancies.
- Election of Speaker & Deputy Speaker.
- Responsibilities & Power of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
- Reasons for removal.
- Related committees.
- Source à The Indian Express
Tags : parliament, state legislature, speaker, chairman