The Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) has floated a global tender to set up green hydrogen generation units at two of its major refineries in North India, as part of the Narendra Modi government's National Hydrogen Mission.
The Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) is the country's largest commercial undertaking, with the most refineries.
What is green hydrogen, and how does it work:
Green Hydrogen is hydrogen that is created by electrolysis with renewable energy and has no carbon footprint.
Today's hydrogen is derived from fossil fuels, which are the most common source.
Chemical techniques are utilised to release hydrogen from organic sources such as fossil fuels and biomass.
Green Hydrogen's Importance:
Green hydrogen energy is critical for India to reach its INDC targets and assure regional and national energy security, access, and availability.
Green hydrogen can be used as an energy storage alternative, which will be necessary in the future to address renewable energy intermittencies.
In terms of mobility, Green Hydrogen can be utilised in railways, huge ships, buses, and trucks, among other things, for long-distance mobilizations for either urban freight movement within cities and states or for people.
Green hydrogen's uses include:
Ammonia and methanol are examples of green chemicals that can be used directly in existing applications such as fertilisers, mobility, power, chemicals, and shipping.
To acquire universal adoption, green hydrogen mixing of up to 10% may be used in CGD networks.
It's a low-carbon compound that can help decarbonize industries including iron and steel, chemicals, and transportation.
Renewable energy that can't be stored or used by the grid can be funnelled into hydrogen production.
What actions has the Indian government done to promote green hydrogen production:
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the commencement of the Hydrogen Energy Mission to manufacture hydrogen from renewable sources during her budget speech in February 2021.
In the same month, the state-owned Indian Oil Corporation struck a deal with Greenstat Norway to establish a Hydrogen Centre of Excellence (CoE-H). It will support R&D projects between Norwegian and Indian R&D institutions/universities for the generation of green and blue hydrogen.
India and the United States recently formed a task group under the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP) to mobilise funds and accelerate green energy development.
Green Hydrogen is a renewable energy source.
What method is used to create it?
The Hydrogen Energy Mission is all about hydrogen energy.