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Current Affairs

Title : Green Hydrogen: National Hydrogen Mission

Date : Nov 22, 2021

Description :



Topic à Conservation related issues.


  • Context:


  • The Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) has floated a global tender to set up green hydrogen generation units at two of its major refineries in North India, as part of the Narendra Modi government's National Hydrogen Mission.
  • The Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) is the country's largest commercial undertaking, with the most refineries.


  • What is green hydrogen, and how does it work:


  • Green Hydrogen is hydrogen that is created by electrolysis with renewable energy and has no carbon footprint.
  • Today's hydrogen is derived from fossil fuels, which are the most common source.
  • Chemical techniques are utilised to release hydrogen from organic sources such as fossil fuels and biomass.


  • Green Hydrogen's Importance:


  • Green hydrogen energy is critical for India to reach its INDC targets and assure regional and national energy security, access, and availability.
  • Green hydrogen can be used as an energy storage alternative, which will be necessary in the future to address renewable energy intermittencies.
  • In terms of mobility, Green Hydrogen can be utilised in railways, huge ships, buses, and trucks, among other things, for long-distance mobilizations for either urban freight movement within cities and states or for people.


  • Green hydrogen's uses include:


  • Ammonia and methanol are examples of green chemicals that can be used directly in existing applications such as fertilisers, mobility, power, chemicals, and shipping.
  • To acquire universal adoption, green hydrogen mixing of up to 10% may be used in CGD networks.


  • Benefits:


  • It's a low-carbon compound that can help decarbonize industries including iron and steel, chemicals, and transportation.
  • Renewable energy that can't be stored or used by the grid can be funnelled into hydrogen production.


  • What actions has the Indian government done to promote green hydrogen production:


  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the commencement of the Hydrogen Energy Mission to manufacture hydrogen from renewable sources during her budget speech in February 2021.
  • In the same month, the state-owned Indian Oil Corporation struck a deal with Greenstat Norway to establish a Hydrogen Centre of Excellence (CoE-H). It will support R&D projects between Norwegian and Indian R&D institutions/universities for the generation of green and blue hydrogen.
  • India and the United States recently formed a task group under the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP) to mobilise funds and accelerate green energy development.


  • Prelims Hot-Link:


  • Green Hydrogen is a renewable energy source.
  • What method is used to create it?
  • Applications.
  • Benefits.
  • The Hydrogen Energy Mission is all about hydrogen energy.


Tags : energy sources, green energy, clean energy

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