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Q 18- What are the goals of the Deep Ocean Mission in terms of realising India's vision of harnessing the Blue Economy for long-term growth? Explain. (250 words)

Paper & Topic: GS III à Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers,

  Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual

  Property Rights.


  • Model Answer:


  • Introduction:


  • The Deep Ocean Mission will be a mission-mode project that will support the Indian government's blue economy objectives.
  • The Deep Ocean Mission is proposed as a multi-ministerial, multi-disciplinary programme with a focus on deep sea technology development, deep sea mineral exploration, and deep sea biodiversity exploration, as well as the acquisition of a research vessel for exploration, deep sea observations, and capacity building.
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences' Deep Ocean Mission was recently approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, with the goal of exploring the deep ocean for resources and developing deep sea technology for long-term utilisation of ocean resources.


  • Body:


  • The following are the key goals proposed by the Deep Ocean Mission:


  • Deep sea mining, underwater vehicles, and underwater robotics technologies
  • Ocean climate change advisory services
  • Technological innovations for deep sea biodiversity exploration and conservation
  • Deep ocean survey and exploration
  • Proof of concept studies on energy and freshwater from the ocean; and
  • Establishing a cutting-edge marine biology station The Deep Ocean Mission's vision for harnessing the Blue Economy:
  • A manned submersible with a set of scientific sensors and tools will be constructed to carry three persons to a depth of 6,000 metres in the ocean.
  • For mining polymetallic nodules at those depths in the central Indian Ocean, an Integrated Mining System will be created.
  • Mineral exploration investigations will prepare the way for commercial exploitation in the foreseeable future, as and when the International Seabed Authority, a United Nations agency, develops a commercial exploitation code (UN)
  • It requires creating a set of observations and models to better understand and forecast key climate variables on seasonal to decadal time spans.
  • The main focus will be on bio-prospecting of deep sea flora and fauna, including microorganisms, as well as studies on the sustainable use of deep sea bio-resources.
  • It will look for possible multi-metal Hydrothermal Sulphides mineralization sites along the Indian Ocean's mid-oceanic ridges and identify them.
  • This proof of concept project envisions studies and full engineering design for offshore Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) powered desalination plants.
  • Its goal is to increase human ability and enterprise in the fields of ocean biology and engineering. • It will use onsite business incubator facilities to transform research into industry applications and product development.


  • Conclusion:


  • Approximately 95% of the deep ocean has yet to be explored. In the case of India, the country is bordered on three sides by the ocean, with roughly 30% of the people residing along the shore.
  • According to the government, the ocean is an important economic factor that supports fisheries and aquaculture, as well as livelihoods, tourism, and blue commerce.
  • Apart from that, seas are a repository of energy, food, medicines, minerals, weather and climate modulators, and the foundation of life on Earth.
  • In addition, the government claims that India has a unique marine position and that the relevance of the oceans on sustainability must be considered.


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