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Test Paper

Q3. India cannot be in denial about mental health issues anymore. Comment. (250 words)

  • Model Answer:


  • Introduction:


  • Over 90 million Indians, or 7.5 percent of the population, suffer from mental health problems, according to the World Health Organization.


  • Body:


  • The burden of mental diseases throughout the states of India:


  • The Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2017, published in the Lancet in December 2019, adds to the scale of the problem.
  • Mental health problems are one of the primary causes of non-fatal illness burden in India, and the pandemic isn't helping matters, playing havoc with the minds of millions of people and causing stress.


  • In India, the state of mental health is as follows:


  • More than 450 million people are affected by mental illnesses.
  • According to the World Health Organization, depression would be the second most common ailment worldwide by 2020. (Murray & Lopez, 1996).
  • India has been dubbed the world's "most miserable country" by the World Health Organization.
  • According to a study, one in every seven Indians suffered from mental illness between 1990 and 2017, ranging from depression to anxiety to serious disorders such as schizophrenia.
  • It is not an exaggeration to say that the United States is experiencing a mental health crisis.


  • The significance of mental health:


  • Emotional and mental health is important since it affects your thoughts, behaviours, and emotions and is a vital component of your life.
  • Our mental health comprises our psychological, emotional, and social well-being and can increase productivity and effectiveness in tasks such as job, school, or caring.
  • This implies it has an impact on how we feel, think, and act on a daily basis.
  • Our mental health has an impact on how we make decisions, how we deal with stress, and how we interact with people.
  • The rising societal and economic consequences of mental illness drew attention to the prospects for enhancing mental health and preventing and treating mental illness.


  • Mental illness stigma:


  • The main focus is on decreasing the stigma associated with mental illness, particularly in terms of not mistaking any psychiatric or mental health issue for a severe mental disease or lunacy.
  • The need to respect the human rights of people who are suffering from mental illness.


  • Reasons for recent mental health deterioration include:


  • A lack of understanding and sensitivity to the problem.
  • There is a strong stigma attached to persons who suffer from mental illness of any kind.
  • They are frequently labelled as "lunatics" by society
  • As a result, the patients are trapped in a vicious cycle of guilt, anguish, and isolation.
  • According to the World Health Organization, India had 301 psychiatrists and 0047 psychologists for every 100,000 patients suffering from mental illness in 2011.


  • Treatment gap:


  • Nearly 92 percent of people who need mental health care and treatment do not have access to any type of mental health care, according to estimates.
  • In India, the economic cost of mental illness plays a key role in the treatment gap.
  • Both direct (long-term treatment costs) and indirect (patient and caregiver inability to work, social isolation, psychological stress) costs contribute significantly to the economic burden.



  • Conclusion:


  • In order to combat the burden of mental illness in India, stigma and awareness must be addressed simultaneously.
  • State mental health institutions, general hospitals, private practise, and non-governmental organisations may all work together to make the dream of universal mental health care a reality.
  • According to the World Health Organization, if we do not act quickly, depression will become the most common ailment on the planet by 2030.
  • Finally, treat everyone with kindness, compassion, and empathy.
  • Mental illness is real, difficult, and disabling, and it must be addressed and treated.
  • People should seek expert assistance as soon as possible.
  • Individuals will be able to live the life they deserve if a psychiatric disorder is detected and treated early.
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