Test Paper

Our Coaching Institute

Test Paper

Q 84- The robustness of the federal polity has contributed to India's democracy's originality and vibrancy. Elaborate. (250 words)

  • Paper & Topic: GS I à Indian Society


  • Model Answer:


  • Introduction:


  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the Samagra Shiksha Scheme 2.0 school education program for the fiscal year 2025-26.
  • It has been updated to conform with the new National Education Policy, which was launched in 2020, and the Sustainable Development Goal for Education.
  • Around 180 of the National Education Policy 2020's 293 revolutionary paragraphs are dedicated to school education.
  • The Union government approved the redesigned Samagra Shiksha 2.0 scheme, which includes provisions from 86 of those clauses.


  • Body:


  • SDG-4 and NEP are aligned in Samagra Shiksha 2.0:


  • All child-centric treatments will be offered directly to pupils in DBT mode on an IT-based platform throughout time, in order to improve the scheme's direct outreach.
  • Teacher training: Master Trainers will be trained to train Anganwadi workers, and ECCE teachers will receive in-service teacher training.
  • NCERT has developed specific training modules for Secondary and Primary teachers under the NISHTHA program.
  • A new element Appointment of a Language Teacher has been included in the system, along with components for teacher training and bilingual books and teaching learning materials, as well as financial support for teachers.
  • Ensure learning outcomes: NIPUN Bharat, a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, was launched under the scheme with TLM up to Rs 500 per child per year, Rs 150 per teacher for teacher manuals and resources, and Rs 10-20 lakh per district for assessment to ensure that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing, and numeracy by the end of grade III and not later than grade 5.
  • All girls' hostels have an incinerator and sanitary pad vending machines, empowering them.
  • There is a plan in place to upgrade all KGBVs to class XII.
  • Increased financial support of up to Rs 40 lakh per annum for existing Stand-alone Girls' Hostels for classes IX to XII (KGBV Type IV) (earlier Rs 25 lakh per annum).
  • Training for three months to instill self-defense skills under the 'Rani Laxmibai Atma Raksha Prashikshan,' with a monthly stipend of Rs 3000 to Rs 5000.
  • Stipend of Rs. 200 per month for 10 months for CWSN females, in addition to student component from pre-primary to senior secondary level.
  • Providing annual CWSN identification camps at the block level at a cost of Rs. 10,000 per camp, as well as equipping Block Resource Centers for CWSN rehabilitation and specific training.


  • Syllabus Revision: In existing senior high schools, new courses will be added instead of Streams.


  • Infrastructure: Transportation services have been extended to secondary schools at a cost of up to Rs 6000 per year.
  • If at least two students from a school win a medal in the Khelo India school games at the national level, the school would receive an additional sports grant of up to Rs. 25000.
  • ICT laboratories, Smart classrooms with support for digital boards, smart classrooms, virtual classes, and DTH channels have all been made available.


  • Support for dropouts: Support would be provided to SC, ST, and disabled students aged 16 to 19 years old, up to Rs 2000 per child every grade, to complete their secondary/senior secondary levels through NIOS/SOS.


  • Support for the State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights in the amount of Rs 50 every primary school in the state for the protection and safety of children.


  • Bagless days, school complexes, internships with local craftspeople, curricular and pedagogical reforms, and other innovations in education are mentioned.
  • Provision has been made for the creation of new SCERTs and new DIETs in districts till March 31, 2020.


  • Assessment: Establishment of an assessment cell, preferably at SCERT, to perform various achievement surveys, prepare test materials and item banks, train various stakeholders and administer tests, analyze data, and generate reports, among other things.
  • BRCs and CRCs' academic help has been extended to pre-primary and secondary school students as well.
  • In addition to Government Schools, support under Vocational Education was extended to Government Aided Schools, with grant/number of work roles/sections tied to enrolment and demand.
  • Provision of Vocational Education classrooms and workshops in schools that serve as hubs for other schools in the neighborhood. For schools serving as spokes, transportation and evaluation costs have been provided.
  • For pupils in government and government-aided schools, child tracking is available.
  • Support for a social audit of 20% of schools per year, with the goal of covering all schools in five years.


  • Conclusion:


  • Infusing joy into every step and component of school education in a holistic manner, with the full support and participation of all stakeholders, is the way forward not only for instilling positive in the system, but also for creating synchronicity in the experiences of both instructors and students.
  • This is the goal of Samagra Shiksha 2.0.
Subscribe Daily newsletter